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Chun-feng Lu, Wang-shu Liu, Xiao-qin Ge, Feng Xu, Jian-bin Su, Xue-qin Wang, and Yan Wang

images, and biochemical indicators (each criterion must be met: low thyroid-stimulating hormone – TSH, high free triiodothyronine – FT3, high free thyroxine – FT4, elevated TSH receptor antibody – TRAb) ( 14 ). The exclusion criteria were as follows: (1

Open access

Marek Niedziela

common cause being their excessive tissue concentration. Graves’ disease (GD) is a form of autoimmune hyperthyroidism associated with the presence of autoantibodies stimulating the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TRAb). Epidemiology GD

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Qing Zhu, Jianbin Su, Xueqin Wang, Mengjie Tang, Yingying Gao, and Dongmei Zhang

/diastolic blood pressure; TgAb, thyroglobulin antibody; thyroid VolT, total thyroid gland volume; TPOAb, thyroid peroxidase antibody; TRAb, hyrotropin receptor antibody; TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone; Y/N, yes/no. Bold indicates statistical significance, P

Open access

Aaron Lerner, Patricia Jeremias, and Torsten Matthias

peroxidase antibodies (TPO). The disease is a common cause of low thyroid hormones with a high thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) but some exhibit subclinical hypothyroidism. Interestingly, symptoms of HT and celiac disease (CD) often overlap ( Table 1 ), and

Open access

Jiayang Lin, Peizhen Zhang, Yan Huang, Xueyun Wei, Dan Guo, Jianfang Liu, Deying Liu, Yajuan Deng, Bingyan Xu, Chensihan Huang, Xiaoyu Yang, Yan Lu, Lijing Jia, and Huijie Zhang

serum thyroid hormone, reduced thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and elevated serum TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) levels. All hyperthyroid patients received thionamide treatment. Of them, 46 hyperthyroid patients received thionamide treatment for 3

Open access

Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

obesity, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular complications, by promoting a low-grade WAT inflammation (1, 2) . Thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of body metabolism. Their effects include the stimulation of resting

Open access

Yun Hu, Na Li, Peng Jiang, Liang Cheng, Bo Ding, Xiao-Mei Liu, Ke He, Yun-Qing Zhu, Bing-li Liu, Xin Cao, Hong Zhou, and Xiao-Ming Mao

-Ab, thyrotrophin receptor antibody; TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone. Inhibitory functions and proportion of thyroid Tregs The levels of Tg and the ratio of Tg to total protein in the thyroid follicular fluid were significantly higher than those in

Open access

Stefan Schulz, Anika Mann, Benjamin Novakhov, Hugh D Piggins, and Amelie Lupp

polyclonal antibodies. Recently, we have extensively characterised three novel rabbit MABs against the sst2A receptor, the sst5 receptor and the sst3 receptor named UMB1, UMB4 and UMB5. We have shown that these antibodies selectively detect their cognate

Open access

Xiaoya Zheng, Shanshan Yu, Jian Long, Qiang Wei, Liping Liu, Chun Liu, and Wei Ren

triiodothyronine, thyroxine, free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), ultrasensitive thyroid-stimulating hormone (uTSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroid antithyroglobulin autoantibody (TgAb) and parathyroid hormone were detected by an

Open access

Stavroula Stavrou, Michael Gratz, Eileen Tremmel, Christina Kuhn, Simone Hofmann, Helene Heidegger, Mina Peryanova, Kerstin Hermelink, Stefan Hutter, Bettina Toth, Doris Mayr, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke, and Aurelia Vattai

maintenance of an euthyroid state is crucial for a healthy pregnancy ( 2 ). Thyroid hormones, which bind to the thyroid hormone receptor (THR), play an important role during trophoblast differentiation and the development of the foetal nervous system ( 3