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Helle Døssing, Finn Noe Bennedbæk and Laszlo Hegedüs

Introduction Thyroid nodules are common in the adult population and according to several studies 15–30% of thyroid nodules are cystic or predominantly cystic ( 1 ). The incidence of thyroid cancer in cystic nodules is low and comparable or

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Yun Hu, Na Li, Peng Jiang, Liang Cheng, Bo Ding, Xiao-Mei Liu, Ke He, Yun-Qing Zhu, Bing-li Liu, Xin Cao, Hong Zhou and Xiao-Ming Mao

Introduction Thyroid nodules are very common; up to 65% of the general population have at least one thyroid nodule ( 1 ), but most of them have no symptoms, and life expectancy is not affected ( 2 ). Recent studies have focused mainly on the

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Barbora Pekova, Sarka Dvorakova, Vlasta Sykorova, Gabriela Vacinova, Eliska Vaclavikova, Jitka Moravcova, Rami Katra, Petr Vlcek, Pavla Sykorova, Daniela Kodetova, Josef Vcelak and Bela Bendlova

Introduction Thyroid nodules affect around 1% of the pediatric population. The incidence has been steadily increasing over the last decades, by approximately 1.1% per year worldwide ( 1 , 2 ). Possible reasons for this increase are

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Kristine Zøylner Swan, Steen Joop Bonnema, Marie Louise Jespersen and Viveque Egsgaard Nielsen

Introduction Thyroid nodular disease is common in many populations, with the majority of the nodules being benign ( 1 ). The primary purpose of diagnostic testing is to assess the risk of thyroid carcinoma in these nodules. Although

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Giorgio Grani, Livia Lamartina, Vito Cantisani, Marianna Maranghi, Piernatale Lucia and Cosimo Durante

Introduction Thyroid nodules are an increasingly common finding during imaging examinations of the neck, but only a small proportion of these lesions ultimately prove to be malignant ( 1 ). Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy plays a major

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Philippe Thuillier, Nathalie Roudaut, Geneviève Crouzeix, Marie Cavarec, Philippe Robin, Ronan Abgral, Véronique Kerlan and Pierre-Yves Salaun

eventual thyroiditis were reported. Thyroid nodules were characterized according to the usual criteria (dimensions, echogenicity, echostructure, margins, presence or absence of macrocalcifiations, microcalcifications and type of vascularization: absent

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Anello Marcello Poma, Riccardo Giannini, Paolo Piaggi, Clara Ugolini, Gabriele Materazzi, Paolo Miccoli, Paolo Vitti and Fulvio Basolo

Sawka AM Schlumberger M 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer: the American Thyroid Association Guidelines task force on thyroid nodules and

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Adriano N Cury, Verônica T Meira, Osmar Monte, Marília Marone, Nilza M Scalissi, Cristiane Kochi, Luís E P Calliari and Carlos A Longui

absence of nodules. The 24-h thyroid radioiodine uptake was measured in 24 patients, revealing a mean ( s.d .) of 55.4% (19.6); thyroid scans were unavailable for all patients in their medical records and were not required for a diagnosis of GD. Thyroid

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Marco Marino, Valentina Cirello, Valentina Gnarini, Carla Colombo, Elisa Pignatti, Livio Casarini, Chiara Diazzi, Vincenzo Rochira, Katia Cioni, Bruno Madeo, Cesare Carani, Manuela Simoni and Laura Fugazzola

subjects were excluded due to the incidental demonstration of nodules of any dimension in the absence of clinical signs and symptoms. In particular, we have recently shown that thyroid abnormalities such as nodular goiter and thyroiditis are present in 50

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Norra Kwong, Ellen Marqusee, Michael S Gordon, P Reed Larsen, Jeffrey R Garber, Matthew I Kim and Erik K Alexander

-suppressive therapy. Methods We searched in the thyroid nodule database of the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) to identify patients with long-standing yet stable thyroid cancer metastases. To expand our search, we also surveyed thyroidologists at BWH and at