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Jie Shi, Zhen Yang, Yixin Niu, Weiwei Zhang, Ning Lin, Xiaoyong Li, Hongmei Zhang, Hongxia Gu, Jie Wen, Guang Ning, Li Qin, and Qing Su

( 12 ). For instance, a small thigh circumference was associated with greater risk of diabetes ( 13 ), cardiovascular diseases, and total mortality ( 14 ) in both men and women. Additionally, it is well established that waist circumference is positively

Open access

Alice S Ryan, John C McLenithan, and Gretchen M Zietowski

circumference, WHR, subcutaneous abdominal fat, sagittal diameter, and mid-thigh low-density lean tissue (intramuscular fat) between any of the groups. Mid-thigh muscle area was 19% higher in premenopausal GDM than controls ( P <0.05) and 24% higher in

Open access

Reshma Aziz Merchant, Michael Wong Wai Kit, Jia Yi Lim, and John E Morley

poor indicator of fat distribution, especially in older adults. High BMI is associated with better survival and cognition in older adults ( 4 , 5 , 6 ). Waist circumference (WC) reflects central obesity (CO), which is a risk factor for adverse

Open access

Sandra N Slagter, Robert P van Waateringe, André P van Beek, Melanie M van der Klauw, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, and Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk

included in the study. Clinical measurements A standardized protocol was used to obtain blood pressure and anthropometric measurements such as height, weight and waist circumference. Blood pressure was measured every minute during a period of 10 min

Open access

Antonia Ertelt, Ann-Kristin Barton, Robert R Schmitz, and Heidrun Gehlen

93 – 99 . ( doi:10.1002/j.1550-8528.1997.tb00648.x ). 21 Snijder MB Dekker JM Visser M Bouter LM Stehouwer CD Kostense PJ Yudkin JS Heine RJ Nijpels G Seidell JC . Associations of hip and thigh circumferences independent of waist

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Julia H Goedecke, Mehreen Tootla, and Dheshnie Keswell

circumferences have independent and opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Quebec Family Study . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001 74 315 – 321 . ( ) 10.1093/ajcn/74.3.315 6 Simpson

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Sebastião Freitas de Medeiros, Márcia Marly Winck Yamamoto, Matheus Antônio Souto de Medeiros, Bruna Barcelo Barbosa, José Maria Soares Junior, and Edmund Chada Baracat

hyperandrogenism was registered as dichotomous variable, according to the patient’s complaints and the presence or the lack of hirsutism in the upper lip, chin, chest, upper or lower back, upper or lower abdomen, upper arms and thighs ( 27 , 36 ). Ovarian

Open access

N K Stepto, D Hiam, M Gibson-Helm, S Cassar, C L Harrison, S K Hutchison, A E Joham, B J Canny, A Moreno-Asso, B J Strauss, N Hatzirodos, R J Rodgers, and H J Teede

visceral fat and subcutaneous fat and, waist, and hip circumference as Table 1 . Insulin sensitivity was determined using the euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp technique (40 mU/m 2 /min) as previously reported ( 9 ). Blood samples were batch analysed for

Open access

Melony C Fortuin-de Smidt, Amy E Mendham, Jon Hauksson, Ali Alhamud, Darko Stefanovski, Olah Hakim, Jeroen Swart, Louise M Goff, Steven E Kahn, Tommy Olsson, and Julia H Goedecke

, height, hip and waist circumferences were measured using standardized methods. Whole-body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA; Discovery-W®, software version; Hologic, Bedford, MA) for the analyses of sub-total body