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Imane Benabbad, Myriam Rosilio, Maité Tauber, Emmanuel Paris, Anne Paulsen, Lovisa Berggren, Hiren Patel, Jean-Claude Carel and the Phoenix Study Group

Introduction Children with height more than 2 standard deviations ( s.d. ) below the mean of a national reference population are considered to have idiopathic short stature (ISS) if the aetiology cannot be identified and disorders known to

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Ananda A Santana-Ribeiro, Giulliani A Moreira-Brasileiro, Manuel H Aguiar-Oliveira, Roberto Salvatori, Vitor O Carvalho, Claudia K Alvim-Pereira, Carlos R Araújo-Daniel, Júlia G Reis-Costa, Alana L Andrade-Guimarães, Alécia A Oliveira-Santos, Edgar R Vieira and Miburge B Gois-Junior

that these untreated IGHD subjects have better muscle strength parameters adjusted for weight and fat free mass than controls, satisfactory muscle function and greater resistance to fatigue ( 18 ), contributing to possible benefits of short stature in

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Robert Rapaport, Peter A Lee, Judith L Ross, Paul Saenger, Vlady Ostrow and Giuseppe Piccoli

), idiopathic short stature (ISS) and small for gestational age (SGA) ( 1 , 2 ). Although clinical characteristics of these growth disorders often overlap, criteria for SGA can be distinguished from those of other GH disorders in that diagnosis is defined by

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Werner F Blum, Abdullah Alherbish, Afaf Alsagheir, Ahmed El Awwa, Walid Kaplan, Ekaterina Koledova and Martin O Savage

particularly in non-GH deficiency disorders such as Turner syndrome, short stature related to birth size small for gestational age (SGA) and idiopathic short stature ( 5 ), has led to development of prediction models of growth response ( 6 ) and a recognition

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Sumana Chatterjee, Emily Cottrell, Stephen J Rose, Talat Mushtaq, Avinaash V Maharaj, Jack Williams, Martin O Savage, Louise A Metherell and Helen L Storr

of short stature (SS) phenotypes ( 19 ). In 2013, Walenkamp et al . described two further 6Ψ patients with growth failure followed by partial catch-up growth without treatment ( 20 ). We recently reported the spectrum of clinical and biochemical

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R Solomon-Zemler, L Basel-Vanagaite, D Steier, S Yakar, E Mel, M Phillip, L Bazak, D Bercovich, H Werner and L de Vries

was 2800 g and length, 51 cm. His current height (at 13 years) is −0.8 SDS and weight −0.09 SDS. SGA and relatively short stature were noted in several other maternal family members, including the maternal grandmother ( Fig. 1 , II 8). At age 71

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Caroline Culen, Diana-Alexandra Ertl, Katharina Schubert, Lisa Bartha-Doering and Gabriele Haeusler

abnormality of human females. TS is characterized by short stature and ovarian dysgenesis, together with a broad range of other phenotypic characteristics, including an increased risk for heart and renal defects ( 1 , 2 ). Clinicians treating girls with TS

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P G Murray, D Hanson, T Coulson, A Stevens, A Whatmore, R L Poole, D J Mackay, G C M Black and P E Clayton

mutations result in the short stature condition omodysplasia (21) ) as well as zinc finger protein of cerebellum 1 ( ZIC1 ) and PCP4 both of which are known to be differentially expressed in tumours (22, 23) . Three out of the top 10 downregulated

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Monica F Stecchini, Zilda Braid, Candy B More, Davi C Aragon, Margaret Castro, Ayrton C Moreira and Sonir R Antonini

), using the statistical software LMSgrowth 2002–12 Medical Research Council, UK. Short stature was defined as stature <−2 SDS and tall stature as stature >+2 SDS ( 35 ). FH was considered when BA was 15 and 17 years for females and males, respectively

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Marilena Nakaguma, Fernanda A Correa, Lucas S Santana, Anna F F Benedetti, Ricardo V Perez, Martha K P Huayllas, Mirta B Miras, Mariana F A Funari, Antonio M Lerario, Berenice B Mendonca, Luciani R S Carvalho, Alexander A L Jorge and Ivo J P Arnhold

(104 from Brazil and 13 from Argentina) ( Fig. 1 ). The patients were predominantly male (55%, n  = 64), only eight were born from consanguineous parents and another 25 had relatives with short stature. Most of them had CPHD (77%, n  = 90) and ectopic