-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) or anti-thyroglobulin antibody ( 11 , 12 ). The higher incidence of thyroid autoantibodies in women is reported to account for their higher incidence of thyroid disease ( 9 , 13 ). However, other sex-specific risk factors for SCH
Jeonghoon Ha, Jeongmin Lee, Kwanhoon Jo, Dong-Jun Lim, Moo Il Kang, Bong Yun Cha and Min-Hee Kim
Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen
conditions ( 8 , 9 ). GDM and PCOS can be early signs of an increased risk of manifest diseases related to insulin resistance, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), and both disorders are also connected with cardiovascular risk factors, such as metabolic syndrome
Julia Kubiak, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Elena Kamycheva and Rolf Jorde
processes ( 1 ). Low serum 25(OH)D levels have additionally been related to numerous diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD) and their risk factors ( 2 ). Thus, a meta-analysis of 19 prospective studies focusing on the relation between vitamin D
Gunjan Garg, Garima Kachhawa, Rekha Ramot, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon, V Sreenivas, Alka Kriplani and N Gupta
cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with PCOS. Material and methods Study design This study was conducted as a prospective randomized double-blind placebo controlled study after obtaining approval from the ethics committee of the institute and written
Karolien Van De Maele, Jean De Schepper, Jesse Vanbesien, Monique Van Helvoirt, Ann De Guchtenaere and Inge Gies
Dahl AR Lteif A Kumar S . Vitamin D deficiency: a potential modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease in children with severe obesity . Children 2017 80 . ( https://doi.org/10.3390/children4090080 ) 6 Mehmood ZH Papandreou D
Line K Johnson, Kirsten B Holven, Njord Nordstrand, Jan R Mellembakken, Tom Tanbo and Jøran Hjelmesæth
a lower prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors including MS, cardiovascular inflammation and obesity (15) . Additionally, fiber intake improves gastrointestinal function and may prevent development of colorectal cancer (16) . Fiber intake from
Wei Sun, Boyuan Zheng, Zhihong Wang, Wenwu Dong, Yuan Qin and Hao Zhang
Background: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients with clinical negative central lymph nodes (cN0), the use of prophylactic central lymph node dissection remains controversial. Patients with cN0 disease receive contralateral central lymph node metastasis (CCLNM) 3.88–30.63% of cases. Therefore, the present study aimed to obtain evidence for CCLNM risk factors in unilateral cN0 PTC.
Materials and methods: Relevant studies were searched in the PubMed, SCIE, and Wanfang databases up to 31 Oct 2019. The included patients had undergone lobectomy or total thyroidectomy with bilateral central lymph node dissection and were diagnosed pathologically with PTC.
Results: Thirteen studies comprising 2449 patients were included. The factors associated with increased CCLNM risk in cN0 unilateral PTC were: age < 45 years (odds ratio (OR) = 1.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.43–2.49, P < 0.00001), male sex (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.24–2.24, P = 0.0007), extrathyroidal extension (OR = 1.63; 95% CI = 1.17-2.28; P = 0.004), tumor size ≥ 1 cm (OR = 2.63, 95% CI 1.85–3.74, P < 0.00001), lymphovascular invasion (OR = 4.27, 95% CI =2.47-7.37, P < 0.00001) and ipsilateral CLNM (OR = 11.42, 95% CI = 5.25-24.86, P < 0.00001). However, no association was found for capsular invasion, multifocality and Hashimoto thyroiditis.
Conclusion: The study identified that age <45 years, tumor ≥1 cm, male sex, lymphovascular invasion, extrathyroidal extension and ipsilateral CLNM are related to CCLNM in CN0 PTC. These factors should influence the use of prophylactic central lymph node dissection in these patients.
Andrea V Haas, Paul N Hopkins, Nancy J Brown, Luminita H Pojoga, Jonathan S Williams, Gail K Adler and Gordon H Williams
between higher cortisol levels and the presence of CV risk factors ( 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 ), others have not ( 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ). The reasons for the observed discordance are uncertain, but could relate to sample size, methods used to assess
N Bergmann, F Gyntelberg and J Faber
Introduction The metabolic syndrome (MES) is a cluster of risk factors including male adiposity, dyslipidemia, reduced glucose tolerance and hypertension. MES is highly prevalent and increasing in most parts of the world (1) . A meta-analysis has
Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer
, impaired glucose tolerance or frank type 2 diabetes, low-grade inflammation and increased pro-thrombotic state ( 2 ). This high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in PCOS is assumed to be associated with accelerated cardiovascular disease. However