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Caojie Liu, Qingguo Lv, Xinlei Chen, Guangcheng Ni, Liru Hu, Nanwei Tong and Yuwei Zhang

instantly increase catecholamine release, resulting in severe intraoperative hypertensive crisis and potentially stroke, myocardial infarction and other severe complications ( 8 ). Using α-blockade for preoperative medical preparation for adrenalectomy for

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Eva Jakobsson Ung, Ann-Charlotte Olofsson, Ida Björkman, Tobias Hallén, Daniel S Olsson, Oskar Ragnarsson, Thomas Skoglund, Sofie Jakobsson and Gudmundur Johannsson

of hypopituitarism and cardiovascular health as well as the efficacy and safety of hormonal replacement. However, an important dimension in the overall care of patients with pituitary tumours is the patient’s situation in daily life, which consists of

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Mubashir Mulla and Klaus-Martin Schulte

(9) . The preoperative diagnosis of LN metastasis is important for selecting surgical strategies (10) . Ultrasound scan (US) is currently the most favoured diagnostic modality to evaluate nodal status preoperatively. It is recommended for this

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Xinlei Chen, Liru Hu, Caojie Liu, Guangcheng Ni and Yuwei Zhang

evaluating perioperative outcomes. To decrease the risk of IHD as well as surgical complications and mortality, all patients are recommended to undergo a preoperative medical preparation, including patients with tumors rising from parasympathetic ganglia

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Myrtille Fouché, Yves Bouffard, Mary-Charlotte Le Goff, Johanne Prothet, François Malavieille, Pierre Sagnard, Françoise Christin, Davy Hayi-Slayman, Arnaud Pasquer, Gilles Poncet, Thomas Walter and Thomas Rimmelé

factors of ioCS in patients operated of SB-NETs, receiving a continuous infusion of intravenous somatostatin analogue started from the preoperative period. Materials and methods After approval by the ethics committee of our institution (Comité de

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Eeva M Ryhänen, Ilkka Heiskanen, Harri Sintonen, Matti J Välimäki, Risto P Roine and Camilla Schalin-Jäntti

endocrinologist at the Division of Endocrinology at the Helsinki University Hospital. Possible vitamin D supplementation was prescribed at this visit, i.e. at least 2–3 months before surgery. The preoperative 15D questionnaire was, on average, answered 1–2 weeks

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Veronica Kieffer, Kate Davies, Christine Gibson, Morag Middleton, Jean Munday, Shashana Shalet, Lisa Shepherd and Phillip Yeoh

patient about risks and benefits associated with pre-operative and post-operative medications b • Designs, implements, and regularly evaluates individualised patient clinical care pathways, including prescribing and titrating appropriate medications

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Marloes Emous, Merel van den Broek, Ragnhild B Wijma, Loek J M de Heide, Gertjan van Dijk, Anke Laskewitz, Erik Totté, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel and André P van Beek

representativeness of the included study population, it was compared with the entire population and the random selection for age, sex, preoperative weight and preoperative comorbidities with the independent Student’s t tests and Fisher’s exact tests. Differences

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Hongyan Wang, Bin Wu, Zichuan Yao, Xianqing Zhu, Yunzhong Jiang and Song Bai

pheochromocytomas, surgery is associated with a high risk of perioperative morbidity ( 4 ). It has been reported that mortality can be as high as 50%. However, due to widespread improvements in preoperative medical preparation, anesthesia, and surgical techniques

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Klaudia Zajkowska, Janusz Kopczyński, Stanisław Góźdź and Aldona Kowalska

since the introduction of the term NIFTP, there are still controversies concerning the criteria for the diagnosis of NIFTP based on postoperative examination, the potential for preoperative differentiation of NIFTP from other variants of FVPTC and the