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Angela Köninger, Antonella Iannaccone, Ensar Hajder, Mirjam Frank, Boerge Schmidt, Ekkehard Schleussner, Rainer Kimmig, Alexandra Gellhaus and Hans Dieplinger

only ( 3 ). However, this test requires high-quality standards in performance and pre-analytics. In the light of a large proportion of lean PCOS patients also suffering from IR ( 10 ), the role of IR screening before the onset of pregnancy needs further

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Fiona Broughton Pipkin, Hiten D Mistry, Chandrima Roy, Bernhard Dick, Jason Waugh, Rebecca Chikhi, Lesia O Kurlak and Markus G Mohaupt

mechanisms associated with a successful transition to extrauterine life (1, 2, 3, 4) . Frequently, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and premature delivery are due to pre-eclampsia (5) , a pregnancy-specific syndrome occurring in ∼3% of all pregnancies

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Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen

-diabetic mothers were also included in the study. The GDM status of all participants was confirmed by their medical records: 12 women with pre-pregnancy diabetes were excluded. Sixteen women were recruited during two pregnancies, and their latter pregnancy was

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Ling-Jun Li, Izzuddin M Aris, Lin Lin Su, Yap Seng Chong, Tien Yin Wong, Kok Hian Tan and Jie Jin Wang

maternal education, household income, family history of diabetes, parity, pre-pregnancy weight, smoking and alcohol drinking in the past one year and physical activity in the past three months. Weight gain between baseline and follow-up visits (5-year

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J A Tamblyn, C Jenkinson, D P Larner, M Hewison and M D Kilby

Introduction Pre-eclampsia (PET) is a pregnancy-specific, multisystem syndrome with endothelial dysfunction and presenting with hypertension and pathologic renal protein excretion. Complicating up to 8% of pregnancies ( 1 , 2 , 3 ), PET is

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Jian Ding, Yan Kang, Yuqin Fan and Qi Chen

S Salvagno GL Franchi M Guidi GC. Evaluation of metalloproteinases 2 and 9 and their inhibitors in physiologic and pre-eclamptic pregnancy . Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 2009 23 88 – 92 . ( doi:10.1002/jcla.20295 ) 10.1002/jcla

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Anette Lundqvist, Herbert Sandström and Torbjörn Bäckström

are related to pre-pregnancy BMI as recommended by US Institute of Medicine ( 5 ). Lan-Pidhainy and coworkers ( 6 ) reported that the risk for postpartum weight retention rose steeply with increasing gestational weight gain among both primiparous and

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Kusum Lata, Pinaki Dutta, Subbiah Sridhar, Minakshi Rohilla, Anand Srinivasan, G R V Prashad, Viral N Shah and Anil Bhansali

(gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia), gestational diabetes mellitus, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, preterm labour, IUGR, postdatism, preterm premature rupture of membranes and post partum haemorrhage. Neonatal outcomes were

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Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

as maternal age, parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Arguably, they may also share underlying mechanisms predisposing to subsequent recurrence of pregnancy complications and postpartum cardiometabolic disorders ( 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 ). However, it

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K L Gatford, G K Heinemann, S D Thompson, J V Zhang, S Buckberry, J A Owens, G A Dekker, C T Roberts and on behalf of the SCOPE Consortium

concentrations from early pregnancy (8–10 weeks) until after 30 weeks of gestation (11, 12) , or decreased concentrations in the first trimester up until 24 weeks of gestation compared with pre-conception (13, 14, 15) . All these studies agree that maternal