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Helle Døssing, Finn Noe Bennedbæk and Laszlo Hegedüs

Introduction Thyroid nodules are common in the adult population and according to several studies 15–30% of thyroid nodules are cystic or predominantly cystic ( 1 ). The incidence of thyroid cancer in cystic nodules is low and comparable or

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Kristine Zøylner Swan, Steen Joop Bonnema, Marie Louise Jespersen and Viveque Egsgaard Nielsen

Excluding nine thyroid micro-carcinoma. b Comparison of solitary nodules vs multinodular goiter in malignant and benign nodules. c Comparison of cystic-solid vs solid structure in malignant and benign nodules. d Comparison of hypoechoic vs non

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Giorgio Grani, Livia Lamartina, Vito Cantisani, Marianna Maranghi, Piernatale Lucia and Cosimo Durante

nodule: margins (well-defined, ill-defined, microlobulated or irregular, infiltrative, peripheral halo); composition (solid, cystic, mixed); echogenicity (hyperechoic, isoechoic, hypoechoic—all with respect to the surrounding thyroid parenchyma

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Yun Hu, Na Li, Peng Jiang, Liang Cheng, Bo Ding, Xiao-Mei Liu, Ke He, Yun-Qing Zhu, Bing-li Liu, Xin Cao, Hong Zhou and Xiao-Ming Mao

) × depth (cm) × 0.479). Nodules and/or cystic areas were included in the thyroid volume (reference values, 18 mL for females and 25 mL for male patients) ( 28 ). Isolation of peripheral blood and thyroid Tregs Peripheral blood mononuclear cells

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Philippe Thuillier, Nathalie Roudaut, Geneviève Crouzeix, Marie Cavarec, Philippe Robin, Ronan Abgral, Véronique Kerlan and Pierre-Yves Salaun

eventual thyroiditis were reported. Thyroid nodules were characterized according to the usual criteria (dimensions, echogenicity, echostructure, margins, presence or absence of macrocalcifiations, microcalcifications and type of vascularization: absent

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Barbora Pekova, Sarka Dvorakova, Vlasta Sykorova, Gabriela Vacinova, Eliska Vaclavikova, Jitka Moravcova, Rami Katra, Petr Vlcek, Pavla Sykorova, Daniela Kodetova, Josef Vcelak and Bela Bendlova

diagnosis. As detailed in Fig. 1 and Table 1 , 30 samples of benign lesions were collected (nine solitary thyroid nodules, eight follicular adenomas, five multinodular goiters, five chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, two thyroid cysts, one oncocytic

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Bekir Cakir, F Neslihan Cuhaci Seyrek, Oya Topaloglu, Didem Ozdemir, Ahmet Dirikoc, Cevdet Aydin, Sefika Burcak Polat, Berna Evranos Ogmen, Ali Abbas Tam, Husniye Baser, Aylin Kilic Yazgan, Mehmet Kilic, Afra Alkan and Reyhan Ersoy

lesions, such as cervical lymph nodes and thyroid nodules, may occasionally remain difficult ( 7 , 13 ). Ultrasound elastography (USE) is a non-invasive and dynamic technique that objectively evaluates tissue hardness by measuring tissue elasticity ( 14

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Yosep Chong, Soon-Jin Ji, Chang Suk Kang and Eun Jung Lee

) Negative Benign follicular nodule Nodular hyperplasia/colloid cyst AUS/FLUS* Thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s/lymphocytic/granulomatous) False negative Benign follicular nodule PTC Other types of primary thyroidal malignancy

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Natalie Su-Jing Yap, Richard Maher and Diana Louise Learoyd

not collected for the purpose of DTC detection (e.g. to differentiate a thyroid nodule from a parathyroid adenoma), or inadequate information was available to include in the audit. All included FNA-Tg samples were obtained during ultrasound-guided FNAB

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Mubashir Mulla and Klaus-Martin Schulte

Mazzaferri EL . Management of a solitary thyroid nodule . New England Journal of Medicine 1993 328 553 – 559 . ( doi:10.1056/NEJM199302253280807 ). 3 Shaha AR Shah JP Loree TR . Risk group stratification and prognostic factors in papillary