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Aneta Gawlik, Michael Shmoish, Michaela F Hartmann, Stefan A Wudy, Zbigniew Olczak, Katarzyna Gruszczynska and Ze’ev Hochberg

Introduction Nonsyndromic childhood obesity is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a spectrum of conditions, ranging from steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and various degrees of fibrosis and cirrhosis ( 1

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Jing Wang, Leishen Wang, Huikun Liu, Shuang Zhang, Junhong Leng, Weiqin Li, Tao Zhang, Nan Li, Wei Li, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou and Gang Hu

). Thus, more studies are expected to provide evidence and illustrate the impact of GDM on children’s growth and development. The present study aims to compare different indicators of childhood obesity between offspring exposed to maternal GDM and those

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Anita Hokken-Koelega, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Berthold Hauffa, Gabriele Häusler, Gudmundur Johannsson, Mohamad Maghnie, Jesús Argente, Jean DeSchepper, Helena Gleeson, John W Gregory, Charlotte Höybye, Fahrettin Keleştimur, Anton Luger, Hermann L Müller, Sebastian Neggers, Vera Popovic-Brkic, Eleonora Porcu, Lars Sävendahl, Stephen Shalet, Bessie Spiliotis and Maithé Tauber

influences gonadal function in very long-term adult male survivors of childhood cancer . Obesity 2014 22 1896 – 1903 . ( doi:10.1002/oby.20766 ) 38 van Dorp W Blijdorp K Laven JS Pieters R Visser JA van der Lely AJ Neggers

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Mardia López-Alarcón, Jessie N Zurita-Cruz, Alonso Torres-Rodríguez, Karla Bedia-Mejía, Manuel Pérez-Güemez, Leonel Jaramillo-Villanueva, Mario E Rendón-Macías, Jose R Fernández and Patricia Martínez-Maroñas

Introduction Pediatric obesity is a pathological condition that leads to important health consequences in childhood and later life ( 1 , 2 ). In addition to diet and sedentary behavior, psychological factors such as stress, depression, and

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A C Paepegaey, M Coupaye, A Jaziri, F Ménesguen, B Dubern, M Polak, J M Oppert, M Tauber, G Pinto and C Poitou

Introduction Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex developmental genetic disorder including obesity with hyperphagia, psychiatric disturbances, endocrine and metabolic disorders ( 1 , 2 ). Global incidence has been recently evaluated as 1

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Agnieszka Bogusz, Svenja Boekhoff, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Gabriele Calaminus, Maria Eveslage and Hermann L Müller

-Metz M Pietsch T Pohl F Sörensen N Calaminus G . Post-operative hypothalamic lesions and obesity in childhood craniopharyngioma: results of the multinational prospective trial KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2000 after 3-year follow-up . European Journal of

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Anru Wang, Xueqin Yan, Cai Zhang, Caiqi Du, Wenjun Long, Di Zhan and Xiaoping Luo

: Endocrinology and Metabolism 2017 313 E292 – E302 . ( ) 10.1152/ajpendo.00101.2017) 17 Li G Yin J Fu J Li L Grant SFA Li C Li M Mi J Li M Gao S . FGF21 deficiency is associated with childhood obesity, insulin

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Volha V Zhukouskaya, Anya Rothenbuhler, Annamaria Colao, Carolina Di Somma, Peter Kamenický, Séverine Trabado, Dominique Prié, Christelle Audrain, Anna Barosi, Christèle Kyheng, Anne-Sophie Lambert and Agnès Linglart

. The relationship between serum phosphate levels with childhood obesity and insulin resistance . Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 2011 81 – 83 . ( ) 10 Håglin L. Hypophosphatemia: cause

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Elisabet Einarsdottir, Minna Pekkinen, Kaarel Krjutškov, Shintaro Katayama, Juha Kere, Outi Mäkitie and Heli Viljakainen

, which has been described in detail elsewhere ( 6 ). In short, the study was conducted at the Children’s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland. All participants were of Caucasian origin. Subjects with childhood-onset obesity (in the text

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Maria Lola Evia-Viscarra, Edel Rafael Rodea-Montero, Evelia Apolinar-Jiménez and Silvia Quintana-Vargas

Introduction A sedentary lifestyle and a diet rich in carbohydrates and fats during childhood leads to obesity. In Mexico, the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 data estimate a high prevalence of obesity, defined as a BMI ≥ the 95th