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Kathrin R Frey, Tina Kienitz, Julia Schulz, Manfred Ventz, Kathrin Zopf and Marcus Quinkler

-induced decline in bone formation is associated with an increased fracture risk related both to the dose and duration of GC treatment ( 2 ). Recent studies on bone mineral density (BMD) in PAI and CAH patients showed different results. This may be not only due to

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Ann-Kristin Picke, Graeme Campbell, Nicola Napoli, Lorenz C Hofbauer and Martina Rauner

complications, the increased risk for fragility fractures has recently been recognized as an important complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM) ( 3 , 4 , 5 ). While type 1 diabetics have low bone mineral density and a six- to

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Martine Cohen-Solal, Thomas Funck-Brentano and Pablo Ureña Torres

fractures in dialysis patients . Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2006 21 543 – 548 . ( https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.060105 ) 25 Bucur RC Panjwani DD Turner L Rader T West SL Jamal SA . Low bone mineral density and fractures in

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Keina Nishio, Akiko Tanabe, Risa Maruoka, Kiyoko Nakamura, Masaaki Takai, Tatsuharu Sekijima, Satoshi Tunetoh, Yoshito Terai and Masahide Ohmichi

study. In addition, subjects with a BMI higher than 40 kg/m 2 were excluded, due to the artifacts in bone mineral density (BMD) measurements with the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) unit used. Treatment design Ovarian cancer Patients

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Athanasios D Anastasilakis, Marina Tsoli, Gregory Kaltsas and Polyzois Makras

). In postmenopausal women, periostin serum levels have been associated with increased fracture risk, independently of bone mineral density, suggesting an effect on the organic rather than the mineral component of the bone ( 46 , 47 ). In addition

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Kaiyu Pan, Chengyue Zhang, Xiaocong Yao and Zhongxin Zhu

( 1 ). During this period, bone mineral density (BMD) acquisition is critical for adult bone mass accrual and skeletal formation; therefore, ensuring adequate Ca intake is critical to acquire a greater peak bone mass to prevent osteoporosis during

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Karoline Winckler, Lise Tarnow, Louise Lundby-Christensen, Thomas P Almdal, Niels Wiinberg, Pia Eiken, Trine W Boesgaard and the CIMT trial group

to improved endothelial function, inhibition of foam cell formation and suppression of macrophage cholesterol uptake in patients with T2D (19, 20) . Vitamin D's effect on bone health (fractures and bone mineral density (BMD)) is well established in

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Pinaki Dutta, Bhuvanesh Mahendran, K Shrinivas Reddy, Jasmina Ahluwalia, Kim Vaiphei, Rakesh K Kochhar, Prakamya Gupta, Anand Srinivasan, Mahesh Prakash, Kanchan Kumar Mukherjee, Viral N Shah, Girish Parthan and Anil Bhansali

acquaintance with Jamer's dynamometer and an average of three measurements was taken as the final reading as kilogram force. Bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), total body fat (TBF), and lean body mass (LBM) were calculated by dual-energy X

Open access

Renata C Scalco, Ericka B Trarbach, Edoarda V A Albuquerque, Thais K Homma, Thais H Inoue-Lima, Mirian Y Nishi, Berenice B Mendonca and Alexander A L Jorge

for height and breast development (according to Tanner staging), pelvic ultrasound for assessment of uterine volume, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) for determination of bone mineral density at lumbar spine and proximal femur. Since DEXA

Open access

Marcus Quinkler, Bertil Ekman, Claudio Marelli, Sharif Uddin, Pierre Zelissen, Robert D Murray and on behalf of the EU-AIR Investigators

glucocorticoid replacement therapy in AI ( 13 ). Recent data, however, suggest that prednisolone is deleterious for bone mineral density in AI ( 17 , 19 , 33 , 34 ). Few comparative data with hydrocortisone for additional steroid-dependent end points are