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Rajae Talbi and Victor M Navarro

the different animal models is mediated by kisspeptin vs kisspeptin co-transmitters, for example, glutamate or NKB. In this context, it is worth noting that the degree of obesity observed in the Kiss1 ARC -silenced female mice ( 57 ) is significantly

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Anna-Pauliina Iivonen, Johanna Känsäkoski, Kirsi Vaaralahti and Taneli Raivio

, and over 60% of human protein-coding genes are miRNA targets ( 5 ). The significance of miRNAs in the hypothalamus–pituitary–gonadal system regulation has been shown in several animal models. Garaffo et al. showed that miR-200 (named miR-8 in miRBase

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Rachel K Rowe, Benjamin M Rumney, Hazel G May, Paska Permana, P David Adelson, S Mitchell Harman, Jonathan Lifshitz and Theresa C Thomas

. Neuroscience 2011 178 147 – 158 . ( doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.01.028 ) 36 Lifshitz J. Fluid percussion injury model . In Animal Models of Acute Neurological Injuries , pp 369 – 384 . Eds Chen J Xu XM Xu ZC Zhang JH Totowa

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M Jensterle, A Podbregar, K Goricar, N Gregoric and A Janez

2 diabetes and different forms of hypogonadism ( 9 ). Furthermore, some animal models have demonstrated that GLP1 might even have a direct impact on HPT that is beyond WR ( 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 ). These observations provided an additional

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Karim Gariani, Geneviève Drifte, Irène Dunn-Siegrist, Jérôme Pugin and François R Jornayvaz

, 39) , but injection of FGF21 in animal models of insulin resistance has been shown to improve this condition (9, 10, 11, 13, 14) . Therefore, FGF21 can be considered as a pharmacological candidate useful in these conditions. Interestingly, FGF21 has

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Stephen A Martin, Kenneth A Philbrick, Carmen P Wong, Dawn A Olson, Adam J Branscum, Donald B Jump, Charles K Marik, Jonathan M DenHerder, Jennifer L Sargent, Russell T Turner and Urszula T Iwaniec

Introduction Mice are among the most commonly utilized animal models for aging-related metabolic bone disease in humans. Advantages of mice over many models include their small size, relatively short lifespan, and ease of genetic manipulation

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Guillem Cuatrecasas, Hatice Kumru, M Josep Coves and Joan Vidal

spinal ependymal precursors) ( 12 ). GH was shown to stimulate proliferation, differentiation, migration and survival of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in animal models. This could be in part because of a GH-mediated neuronal anti-apoptotic effect (Akt

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Ningning Gong, Cuixia Gao, Xuedi Chen, Yu Wang and Limin Tian

The authors and journal apologise for an error in the above paper, which appeared in volume 7 part 2, pages 295–304 . The error relates to the text in the ‘Animal model’ section of the ‘Materials and methods’ section given on page 296: The

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Henryk F Urbanski, Kevin Mueller and Cynthia L Bethea

behavior of humans and nonhuman primates . In Animal Models of Behavioral Analysis, Neuromethods 50, Chapter 9 , pp 217 – 235 . Ed Raber J . New York, NY, USA: Humana Press , 2011 . 9 Bowen RS Turner MJ Lightfoot JT . Sex hormone

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Nidan Qiao

neurosurgeons. While on the other hand, machine learning methods present a particular challenge because of the complexity in model training and testing. The reproducibility of scientific research has always been of critical importance, which also applies in