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Tao Mei, Jianhe Zhang, Liangfeng Wei, Xingfeng Qi, Yiming Ma, Xianhua Liu, Shaohua Chen, Songyuan Li, Jianwu Wu and Shousen Wang

human brain, neurons cannot synthesize or store glucose ( 4 ). Therefore, glucose uptake is necessary for the maintenance of neuronal function. Thus far, 14 members of the glucose transporter (GLUT) family have been discovered, of which GLUT1 and GLUT3

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Jana Ernst, Urszula Grabiec, Kathrin Falk, Faramarz Dehghani and Kristina Schaedlich

Introduction During the last decades, environmental pollution as well as the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome have increased ( 1 ). So, an environmental link to obesity is barely surprising ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Increasing evidence

Open access

Flavia Letícia Martins Peçanha, Reinaldo Sousa dos Santos and Wagner Seixas da-Silva

Tamrakar AK Goulart-Silva F Serrano-Nascimento C Klip A Nunes MT . Triiodothyronine acutely stimulates glucose transport into L6 muscle cells without increasing surface GLUT4, GLUT1, or GLUT3 . Thyroid 22 747 – 754 . 2012 ( doi:10

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N K Stepto, D Hiam, M Gibson-Helm, S Cassar, C L Harrison, S K Hutchison, A E Joham, B J Canny, A Moreno-Asso, B J Strauss, N Hatzirodos, R J Rodgers and H J Teede

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 8–13% of women of reproductive age ( 1 ) has major metabolic (increased type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and cardiovascular risk factors) ( 2 , 3 , 4 ), reproductive (leading cause of

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Hong-Fa Yan, Zhao-Yu Liu, Zhi-Ang Guan and Chuang Guo

healthcare research ( 2 , 3 ). For obesity prevention, most of the interest in developing alternative strategies targeting related processes, namely glucose transport and intake, differentiation of adipogenesis, suppression of inflammation and changes in

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Chao Xu, Xiang-Fei Li, Hong-Yan Tian, Hua-Juan Shi, Ding-Dong Zhang, Kenneth Prudence Abasubong and Wen-Bin Liu

) Reverse (5′-3) Accession numbers or references ampk α1 AGTTGGACGAGAAGGAG AGGGCATACAAAATCAC ARF07712.1 ampk α2 ACAGCCCTAAGGCACGATG TGGGTCGGGTAGTGTTGAG KX061841 glut 2 ACGCACCCGATGTGAAAGT

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Xuhua Mao, Hucheng Chen, Junmin Tang, Liangliang Wang and Tingting Shu

important role in the development of β-cell dysfunction. Many factors are known to inhibit insulin synthesis, including lipotoxicity, autoimmunity, inflammation, adipokines ( 2 , 3 ) and gluco-toxicity, which is caused by chronic exposure to abnormally high

Open access

Lianghui You, Yan Wang, Yao Gao, Xingyun Wang, Xianwei Cui, Yanyan Zhang, Lingxia Pang, Chenbo Ji, Xirong Guo and Xia Chi

demonstrated that the activation of thermogenesis in fat could produce a healthier metabolic phenotype with traits such as whole-body energy metabolism, improved glucose homeostasis, and weight loss ( 2 , 3 ). Moreover, functional BAT was discovered in adult

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M Krause, H Frederiksen, K Sundberg, F S Jørgensen, L N Jensen, P Nørgaard, C Jørgensen, P Ertberg, J H Petersen, U Feldt-Rasmussen, A Juul, K T Drzewiecki, N E Skakkebaek and A M Andersson

Introduction Several recent studies have shown that human exposure to chemicals used as UV filters/absorbers is prevalent ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Exposure to UV filters occurs not only by intentional use of sunscreens. Due to their ability

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Julie Smith, Jan Fahrenkrug, Henrik L Jørgensen, Christina Christoffersen and Jens P Goetze

-CoA-dehydrogenase (LCAD), glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT) – are described previously (18, 19) . The following mouse specific primer sequences genes were used: NPR-A: 5′-agt acg cca aca acc tgg ag, 3′-aag agc tgt aaa gcc cac ga