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Trevor Lewis, Eva Zeisig and Jamie E Gaida

preferentially increases lipoprotein lipase activity in visceral adipose tissue, which increases uptake of triglycerides and fatty acids into adipocytes leading to increased visceral adiposity ( 20 ). Furthermore, glucocorticoid receptor alpha is more highly

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Alessandra Gambineri and Carla Pelusi

-to-male transsexuals demonstrated that testosterone-ester administration at the dose of 250 mg i.m. every 2 weeks produced a significant increase in visceral adipose tissue and a decrease in insulin sensitivity evaluated by the euglycemic–hyperinsulinemic clamp ( 19

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Ningning Gong, Cuixia Gao, Xuedi Chen, Yu Wang and Limin Tian

preadipocytes by affecting the function of the TSH receptor (TSHR) protein ( 7 ). Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is the main adipose tissue that produces diverse adipokines, and VAT volume is increased in patients with sHT compared with VAT volume in normal

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Lars Peter Sørensen, Tina Parkner, Esben Søndergaard, Bo Martin Bibby, Holger Jon Møller and Søren Nielsen

demonstrated that expansion of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) rather than subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) depots is critical for the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance, and that, at least in overweight/obese subjects, expansion of SAT depots

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Signe Frøssing, Malin Nylander, Caroline Kistorp, Sven O Skouby and Jens Faber

the multiple regression analyses, 6 clinical relevant variables (BMI, Matsuda index, heart rate, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), eGFR and free testosterone) were chosen for analyses. Test for collinearity was performed (the ‘VIF’ command was applied) in

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Erika Peverelli, Federica Ermetici, Sabrina Corbetta, Ettore Gozzini, Laura Avagliano, Marco A Zappa, Gaetano Bulfamante, Paolo Beck-Peccoz, Anna Spada and Giovanna Mantovani

12 and 14 weeks and the absence of PRKAR1A. Visceral adipose tissue almost entirely composed of mature adipocytes, as indicated by the negative staining for Pref1, as well as a subcutaneous adipose layer, was present in the tissue sections of 36-week

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Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

in visceral (epididymal) and subcutaneous (inguinal) adipose tissues, while ADP mRNA expression was downregulated by T 3 in the subcutaneous adipose tissue, but not in the visceral adipose tissue (VAT). The authors suggest that ADP mRNA response to T

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Leanne Hodson and Fredrik Karpe

insulin resistant (B). In the fasting state non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) from the lipolysis of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue enter the liver and mix with fatty acids (FAs) from the cytosolic triacylglycerol (TAG) storage pool and those from

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Julia H Goedecke, Mehreen Tootla and Dheshnie Keswell

mass; SSAT, superficial subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT, visceral adipose tissue. SAT gene expression Differences in abdominal DSAT, SSAT and GLUT expression of ERA , ERB and CYP19A1 gene expression between ethnicity and BMI groups

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Malin Nylander, Signe Frøssing, Caroline Kistorp, Jens Faber and Sven O Skouby

and dyslipidemia, as well as insulin resistance ( 3 ). The abdominal obesity is characterized by a state of low-grade inflammation. Visceral adipose tissue secretes pro-inflammatory adipokines promoting an inflammatory state, contributing to