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S U Jayasinghe, S J Torres, C A Nowson, A J Tilbrook and A I Turner

Introduction The ability of stress to impair physiological processes such as growth, reproduction and immune competence and its association with diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and anxiety and depression are well known (1

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Mardia López-Alarcón, Jessie N Zurita-Cruz, Alonso Torres-Rodríguez, Karla Bedia-Mejía, Manuel Pérez-Güemez, Leonel Jaramillo-Villanueva, Mario E Rendón-Macías, Jose R Fernández and Patricia Martínez-Maroñas

Introduction Pediatric obesity is a pathological condition that leads to important health consequences in childhood and later life ( 1 , 2 ). In addition to diet and sedentary behavior, psychological factors such as stress, depression, and

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Rachel K Rowe, Benjamin M Rumney, Hazel G May, Paska Permana, P David Adelson, S Mitchell Harman, Jonathan Lifshitz and Theresa C Thomas

injury severity spectrum ( 15 ). Injury-induced endocrine dysfunction can be concomitant with and potentially augment clinical symptoms commonly associated with postconcussive syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ( 22 , 29 ). While the

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I Azzam, S Gilad, R Limor, N Stern and Y Greenman

( 3 ), ghrelin was found to be involved in a myriad of additional physiologic functions ( 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). Ghrelin plays an important role in the activation of central pathways mediating stress-induced food reward behavior ( 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ) and

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Carlo Cinque, Manuela Zinni, Anna Rita Zuena, Chiara Giuli, Sebastiano G Alemà, Assia Catalani, Paola Casolini and Roberto Cozzolino

Introduction Stress events can have an important impact on both physiological and psychological parameters. For this reason, assessing animals’ stress physiology is essential to understand and improve animal welfare, health and reproduction

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N Bergmann, F Gyntelberg and J Faber

etiology seems multifactorial, which calls for new areas of prevention and intervention. One potential risk factor for the development of MES is chronic psychosocial stress, in the following referred to as stress. In general it is accepted to divide the

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Maria Giannakou, Katerina Saltiki, Emily Mantzou, Eleni Loukari, Georgios Philippou, Konstantinos Terzidis, Charalampos Stavrianos, Miltiades Kyprianou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Kalliopi Karatzi and Maria Alevizaki

, thioredoxin system) and nonenzymatic (i.e. b-carotene, glutathione vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin A) ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Disturbance of the balance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants results in oxidative stress ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4

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T S Nilsen, L Thorsen, C Kirkegaard, I Ugelstad, S D Fosså and T Raastad

is increased when muscle cells are exposed to several types of stressors ( 18 , 19 ) and increasing age, at least for the larger HSPs ( 20 ). This would, in theory, preserve muscle mass, by stabilisation of stressed and damaged proteins ( 21 ). No

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Andrew R Dismukes, Vanessa J Meyer, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Katherine P Theall, Kyle C Esteves and Stacy S Drury

fluctuates in response to social stressors ( 2 ). Unlike other steroid hormones that have specific receptors, DHEA binds to a range of receptors, including the estrogen receptor ( 3 ). DHEA serves as a prohormone for estrogen and testosterone and can broadly

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Hathairat Rueangdetnarong, Rattanaporn Sekararithi, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sirinart Kumfu, Nipon Chattipakorn, Theera Tongsong and Phudit Jatavan

induced by hormonal change during pregnancy probably plays an important role of clinical manifestation. GDM may probably be related to oxidative stress in insulin resistance pathway, as documented in DM type 2 ( 10 ). Nevertheless, the relationship between