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Kylie D Rock, Brian Horman, Allison L Phillips, Susan L McRitchie, Scott Watson, Jocelin Deese-Spruill, Dereje Jima, Susan Sumner, Heather M Stapleton and Heather B Patisaul

-time PCR and targeted neurotransmitter analysis) approaches to examine fetal Wistar rat brain and placenta following gestational exposure to 300 or 1000 μg FM550/kg/day. Because we hypothesized that sexually dimorphic placental FR exposure could be a route

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Lukas Engler, Christian Adolf, Daniel A Heinrich, Anna-Katharine Brem, Anna Riester, Anna Franke, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Reincke, Axel Steiger and Heike Künzel

animal data ( 50 ) and sexually dimorphic regulation of the MR- and gender-specific effects of aldosterone are at least described for other tissues ( 51 , 52 ). Chronic aldosterone excess seems not to influence immediate and delayed memory, cognitive

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Alessandra Gambineri and Carla Pelusi

the central nervous system, influencing the metabolism in a sexually dimorphic manner also at physiological levels ( 42 ). Androgens directly regulate the sympathetic nervous system output to white adipose tissue (WAT), and food intake, through the

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Stephen A Martin, Kenneth A Philbrick, Carmen P Wong, Dawn A Olson, Adam J Branscum, Donald B Jump, Charles K Marik, Jonathan M DenHerder, Jennifer L Sargent, Russell T Turner and Urszula T Iwaniec

particular, are known modulators of bone metabolism ( 14 ). Consequently, female and male mice exhibit sexually dimorphic trajectories of skeletal growth and changes in morphology throughout the lifespan ( 4 ). While premature cancellous bone loss occurs in

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Bruno Donadille, Muriel Houang, Irène Netchine, Jean-Pierre Siffroi and Sophie Christin-Maitre

tubercle are sexually dimorphic: testosterone and consequently dihydrotestosterone levels are lacking in a 46,XY foetus, but are in excess in 46,XX. This may be due to the fact that peripheral conversion of adrenal and gonadal DHEA caused by 3b-HSD1 is low

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Julia H Goedecke, Mehreen Tootla and Dheshnie Keswell

:// ) 25 Davis KE Neinast MD Sun K Skiles WM Bills JD Zehr JA Zeve D Hahner LD Cox DW Gent LM et al . The sexually dimorphic role of adipose and adipocyte estrogen receptors in modulating adipose tissue

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Alexander Tacey, Lewan Parker, Bu B Yeap, John Joseph, Ee M Lim, Andrew Garnham, David L Hare, Tara Brennan-Speranza and Itamar Levinger

: sexually dimorphic responses . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1998 83 3332 – 3338 . ( ) 34 Colberg SR Sigal RJ Fernhall B Regensteiner JG Blissmer BJ Rubin RR Chasan-Taber L Albright AL Braun

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André Marques-Pinto and Davide Carvalho

) . Sexually dimorphic neural circuitry Sex steroids have prominent roles in the differentiation of several sexually dimorphic neural circuits (195, 196) . ED may cross the immature blood–brain barrier (11) and thereby reverse the neurochemical phenotype of

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L A Hughes, K McKay-Bounford, E A Webb, P Dasani, S Clokie, H Chandran, L McCarthy, Z Mohamed, J M W Kirk, N P Krone, S Allen and T R P Cole

Pathology . Genetics in Medicine 2015 17 405 – 424 . ( ) 10.1038/gim.2015.30 14 Blackless M Charuvastra A Derryck A Fausto-Sterling A Lauzanne K Lee E . How sexually dimorphic are we? Review and synthesis

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Frederic Schrøder Arendrup, Severine Mazaud-Guittot, Bernard Jégou and David Møbjerg Kristensen

the population of PGCs and develop into oogonia ( 27 ). Postmigration PGCs initiate the expression of, among others, Mvh, which marks the end of migration of PGC and the beginning of sexual dimorphic development in the undifferentiated gonadal