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Aditya Dutta, Ganesh Jevalikar, Rutuja Sharma, Khalid J Farooqui, Shama Mahendru, Arun Dewan, Sandeep Bhudiraja, and Ambrish Mithal

, thereby directly afflicting the endocrine system ( 12 ). Hypothyroidism is a common comorbidity seen in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 ( 13 ). Prior history of thyroid disorders and the risk of COVID-19 severity and progression is a contentious

Open access

Xiao Zong, Qin Fan, Hang Zhang, Qian Yang, Hongyang Xie, Qiujing Chen, Ruiyan Zhang, and Rong Tao

-organ dysfunction ( 3 , 4 ). However, there is limited data for predicting MetS and evaluating its severity. Growth stimulation expressed gene 2 protein (ST2) was first discovered in 1989 ( 5 ) and its only known ligand is IL-33 ( 6 ). Two main isoforms of ST2

Open access

Jing Hong, Wen-Yue Liu, Xiang Hu, Fei-Fei Jiang, Ze-Ru Xu, Fang Li, Fei-Xia Shen, and Hong Zhu

ischemic rest pain. An earlier assessment of the severity of PAD is required to determine the need for revascularization to promote ulcer healing in patients with DFUs ( 4 ). The QT interval, defined as the time between the beginning of the Q wave and the

Open access

Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

origin, plays a crucial role in both development and maintenance of PCOS ( 30 , 31 ) and significantly influences the severity of metabolic and cardiovascular risk profile ( 32 , 33 ). In PCOS, obesity is a well-documented risk factor for abnormal

Open access

Xi Zhang, Xiurong Shen, Wan Zhou, Mengyun Xu, Yan Xing, Jianping Weng, Shandong Ye, Suowen Xu, Zhi Zhang, and Wei Wang

branches of the radial nerve, and the tibial nerve and the peroneal nerve. The TCNS, a validated and reliable scale, has been used to grade DPN severity ( 14 ). The clinical neuropathy score ranges from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 19 points. Six points

Open access

David Koeckerling, Jeremy W Tomlinson, and Jeremy F Cobbold

dyslipidaemia, NAFLD is a multi-system disease encompassing a histopathological spectrum of severity. This heterogeneous continuum ranges from simple, isolated steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL)) to steatohepatitis with evidence of hepatocyte injury and

Open access

Dimitra Argyro Vassiliadi, Ioannis Ilias, Maria Pratikaki, Edison Jahaj, Alice G Vassiliou, Maria Detsika, Kleio Ampelakiotou, Marina Koulenti, Konstantinos N Manolopoulos, Stamatis Tsipilis, Evdokia Gavrielatou, Aristidis Diamantopoulos, Alexandros Zacharis, Nicolaos Athanasiou, Stylianos Orfanos, Anastasia Kotanidou, Stylianos Tsagarakis, and Ioanna Dimopoulou

function in COVID-19 patients admitted in our hospital with either pneumonia not requiring mechanical ventilation or in the ICU, in comparison to patients with similar clinical severity admitted during the same period but who were SARS-CoV-2 negative. We

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Punith Kempegowda, Eka Melson, Agnes Johnson, Lucy Wallett, Lucretia Thomas, Dengyi Zhou, Catherine Holmes, Agata Juszczak, Mohammed Ali Karamat, Sandip Ghosh, Wasim Hanif, Parth Narendran, and Srikanth Bellary

). There was no significant difference in the severity of DKA at presentation in terms of pH, bicarbonate, glucose, lactate and serum osmolality. There was also no significant difference between the groups for the DKA duration ( Fig. 1A ). Figure 1

Open access

Elena V Varlamov, Dan Alexandru Niculescu, Swechya Banskota, Simona Andreea Galoiu, Catalina Poiana, and Maria Fleseriu

the severity and frequency of various signs, symptoms, and complications, often with vast differences between studies ( 4 , 5 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ). Many investigators, because acromegaly is a rare disease, have attempted to increase the subject

Open access

Susanna Cirera, Sophia G Moesgaard, Nora E Zois, Nathja Ravn, Jens P Goetze, Signe E Cremer, Tom Teerlink, Páll S Leifsson, Jesper L Honge, J Michael Hasenkam, and Lisbeth H Olsen

MR in dogs and the pathology is similar to primary MV prolapse in humans (3) . Narrowing of intramural vessels in the left ventricle correlates with echocardiographic measurements of MR severity in dogs, indicating that cellular processes in the