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Ruth Therese Casey, Deborah Saunders, Benjamin George Challis, Deborah Pitfield, Heok Cheow, Ashley Shaw and Helen Lisa Simpson

data have demonstrated a 3-fold increase in the per capita individual radiation exposure from medical diagnostic radiation sources over the past 25 years ( 5 ). The majority of evidence supporting ionising radiation as a carcinogen has been derived from

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Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, John Costello Jr, Kirk Jensen, Aneeta Patel, Rok Tkavc, Douglas Van Nostrand, Kenneth D Burman, Leonard Wartofsky and Vasyl Vasko

thyroid cancer cells, radiation causes irreparable damage to critical targets within the cell, such as DNA, RNA, proteins and lipids, leading to cell death. Nevertheless, subsequent to radiation, a number of defense mechanisms and processes are initiated

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Keina Nishio, Akiko Tanabe, Risa Maruoka, Kiyoko Nakamura, Masaaki Takai, Tatsuharu Sekijima, Satoshi Tunetoh, Yoshito Terai and Masahide Ohmichi

gynecological malignancies. Patients with these diseases generally undergo surgery that includes a bilateral oophorectomy followed by the administration of platinum-based chemotherapy in OC and EC patients, or concurrent chemo-radiation therapy (CCRT) in CC

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Zeming Liu, Di Hu, Yihui Huang, Sichao Chen, Wen Zeng, Ling Zhou, Wei Zhou, Min Wang, Haifeng Feng, Wei Wei, Chao Zhang, Danyang Chen and Liang Guo

), N-stage (regional lymph node metastasis status: N0, N1) and radiation (none or refused, radiation beam or radioactive implants, radioisotopes or radiation beam + isotopes/implants). In our study, we considered all subtypes of papillary and follicular

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Aleksandra Kukulska, Jolanta Krajewska, Zofia Kolosza, Ewa Paliczka-Cieslik, Aleksandra Kropinska, Agnieszka Pawlaczek, Zbigniew Puch, Kornelia Ficek, Teresa Lisik, Dorota Sygula, Zbigniew Wygoda, Jozef Roskosz, Jerzy Wydmanski and Barbara Jarzab

radiotherapy is of particular relevance as TKIs may also induce such complications. Therefore, qualification for radiotherapy in patients on TKIs has to be very cautious. Considering adjuvant radiotherapy, a radiation treatment planning assumes that

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Ravikumar Shah, Anurag R Lila, Ramteke-Swati Jadhav, Virendra Patil, Abhishek Mahajan, Sushil Sonawane, Puja Thadani, Anil Dcruz, Prathamesh Pai, Munita Bal, Subhada Kane, Nalini Shah and Tushar Bandgar

 = 3) over a mean follow-up of 17 months. Out of four patients with persistent disease, one patient was cured with repeat surgery only, two patients were cured with repeat surgery and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), and one has stable disease

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Katherine Van Loon, Li Zhang, Jennifer Keiser, Cendy Carrasco, Katherine Glass, Maria-Teresa Ramirez, Sarah Bobiak, Eric K Nakakura, Alan P Venook, Manisha H Shah and Emily K Bergsland

regarding baseline sociodemographic factors, tumor staging, symptoms, and cancer-directed treatments, including all treatments delivered at the NCCN and outside institutions (e.g., surgeries, radiation therapy, systemic therapy), were included in the chart

Open access

Göran Oleröd, Lillemor Mattsson Hultén, Ola Hammarsten and Eva Klingberg

Introduction Vitamin D is essential for the calcium homeostasis and bone health and also of importance for the immune function, muscles and the cardiovascular system. Vitamin D3 is mainly produced in the skin after ultraviolet radiation, but

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Cecilia Follin and Sven Karlsson

and/or radiation therapy. The only therapy that has a potential to cure is surgical resection of the GH-secreting adenoma, but surgery is only successful in about 60% of patients ( 5 ). Consequently, the high rate of persistent GH hypersecretion after

Open access

Eugenie S Lim, Shanty G Shah, Mona Waterhouse, Scott Akker, William Drake, Nick Plowman, Daniel M Berney, Polly Richards, Ashok Adams, Ewa Nowosinska, Carmel Brennan and Maralyn Druce

.1 and 3.7 GBq were equivalent in terms of ablation success rate ( 6 , 9 ). These studies have led to a change in UK practice over time because they have demonstrated how to minimise radiation exposure and the risk of potential side effects or