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Angela Köninger, Antonella Iannaccone, Ensar Hajder, Mirjam Frank, Boerge Schmidt, Ekkehard Schleussner, Rainer Kimmig, Alexandra Gellhaus and Hans Dieplinger

significant risk factor for developing GDM in non-PCOS ( 16 ) as well as in PCOS patients ( 35 , 36 ). In uncomplicated pregnancies, IR increases physiologically and is necessary for proper materno-fetal glucose transfer. In the case of elevated pre-pregnancy

Open access

Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen

-diabetic mothers were also included in the study. The GDM status of all participants was confirmed by their medical records: 12 women with pre-pregnancy diabetes were excluded. Sixteen women were recruited during two pregnancies, and their latter pregnancy was

Open access

Ling-Jun Li, Izzuddin M Aris, Lin Lin Su, Yap Seng Chong, Tien Yin Wong, Kok Hian Tan and Jie Jin Wang

maternal education, household income, family history of diabetes, parity, pre-pregnancy weight, smoking and alcohol drinking in the past one year and physical activity in the past three months. Weight gain between baseline and follow-up visits (5-year

Open access

Anna Kistner, Mireille Vanpée and Kerstin Hall

.22) −0.75 (−2.40 to 0.56) 0.07 (−1.74 to 1.71) 0.42 0.44 0.20 0.71  Women −1.71 (−2.07 to 1.22) Maternal pre-pregnancy weight (kg)  Boys 58 (50 to 80) 59 (50 to 75) 60 (53 to 72) 0.91 0

Open access

Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

as maternal age, parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Arguably, they may also share underlying mechanisms predisposing to subsequent recurrence of pregnancy complications and postpartum cardiometabolic disorders ( 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 ). However, it

Open access

J A Tamblyn, C Jenkinson, D P Larner, M Hewison and M D Kilby

vitamin D, 15 (10 normotensive and 5 PET women) reported intake of the recommended daily dose of vitamin D (400 IU/day) pre-pregnancy. In the first trimester (≤12 week), 12 participants (9 normotensive and 3 PET) took 400 IU vitamin D daily, of which 9 (7

Open access

Huguette S Brink, Aart Jan van der Lely and Joke van der Linden

diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 6.4 (95% CI: 4.1, 9.9), a summary sensitivity of 64.7% (95% CI: 51.0%, 76.4%) and a specificity of 77.8% (95% CI: 66.4%, 86.1%) ( 50 ). Furthermore, a nested case–control study showed that low pre-pregnancy adiponectin levels

Open access

Jing Wang, Leishen Wang, Huikun Liu, Shuang Zhang, Junhong Leng, Weiqin Li, Tao Zhang, Nan Li, Wei Li, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou and Gang Hu

: World Health Organization , 1999 . 16 Li W Liu H Qiao Y Lv F Zhang S Wang L Leng J Qi L Tuomilehto J Hu G. Metabolic syndrome of weight change from pre-pregnancy to 1–5 years post-partum among Chinese women with prior gestational diabetes

Open access

Anette Lundqvist, Herbert Sandström and Torbjörn Bäckström

are related to pre-pregnancy BMI as recommended by US Institute of Medicine ( 5 ). Lan-Pidhainy and coworkers ( 6 ) reported that the risk for postpartum weight retention rose steeply with increasing gestational weight gain among both primiparous and

Open access

Alice S Ryan, John C McLenithan and Gretchen M Zietowski

Melissa Gray, Agnes Kohler, and Carole St Clair for laboratory assistance. References 1 Metzger BE Cho NH Roston SM Radvany R . Pre-pregnancy weight and antepartum insulin secretion predict glucose tolerance five years after gestational diabetes