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Yao Chen and Shu-ying Fang

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous and complex disorder of reproductive aged women, which usually causes reproduction and metabolism failure ( 1 , 2 ). It often presents as hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia

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Angela Köninger, Antonella Iannaccone, Ensar Hajder, Mirjam Frank, Boerge Schmidt, Ekkehard Schleussner, Rainer Kimmig, Alexandra Gellhaus and Hans Dieplinger

. Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) . Human Reproduction 2004 19 41 – 47 . ( https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deh098 ) 4 Fauser BC Tarlatzis BC Rebar RW Legro RS Balen

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Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen

Introduction Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. The prevalence of GDM varies from 9% to 25% and the prevalence of PCOS varies from 5

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Krzysztof C Lewandowski, Justyna Płusajska, Wojciech Horzelski, Ewa Bieniek and Andrzej Lewiński

presented in Table 2 . Table 2 Percentile distribution of insulin resistance indices in a group of 478 women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Percentiles HOMA (95% CI) IRI (Belfiore) (95% CI) QUICKI (95% CI) McAuley (95% CI

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Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Anne-Marie Coady, Eric S Kilpatrick and Stephen L Atkin

reduction in insulin resistance especially with weight loss in patients with T2DM will result in normalisation of pancreatic β-cell requirement and even reversal of T2DM ( 9 ). Statins have shown to improve certain features of polycystic ovary syndrome

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Angela Köninger, Philippos Edimiris, Laura Koch, Antje Enekwe, Claudia Lamina, Sabine Kasimir-Bauer, Rainer Kimmig and Hans Dieplinger

Introduction The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most frequent endocrine disorders, found in up to 8% of women of reproductive age (1) . According to the Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group, the diagnosis is

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Sebastião Freitas de Medeiros, Cinthia Marenza Ormond, Matheus Antônio Souto de Medeiros, Nayara de Souza Santos, Camila Regis Banhara and Márcia Marly Winck Yamamoto

Introduction After standardization of the diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) the hyperandrogenemic phenotype has been found in nearly 80% of patients ( 1 , 2 ). These hyperandrogenemic patients may have their androgen

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Malin Nylander, Signe Frøssing, Caroline Kistorp, Jens Faber and Sven O Skouby

Introduction With a prevalence of 10%, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of fertile age ( 1 ). The diagnosis is based on the three Rotterdam criteria: oligo-/amenorrhea, androgen excess and

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Hamidreza Mani, Yogini Chudasama, Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Danielle H Bodicoat, Charlotte Edwardson, Miles J Levy, Laura J Gray, Janette Barnett, Heather Daly, Trevor A Howlett, Kamlesh Khunti and Melanie J Davies

Introduction The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a major impact on a woman’s life in relation to their reproductive health (infertility and pregnancy complication), metabolic health (increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D

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Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder in women of reproductive age, with a prevalence 5–16% under different diagnostic criteria and across several ethnic groups, with exact pathogenesis still unclear ( 1 , 2 , 3