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Liza Haqq, James McFarlane, Gudrun Dieberg and Neil Smart

Introduction Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder, affecting 18–22% of reproductive-age women (1) . PCOS was first reported in 1935 by Stein & Leventhal (2) and is characterised by clinical or biochemical

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Ladan Younesi, Zeinab Safarpour Lima, Azadeh Akbari Sene, Zahra Hosseini Jebelli and Ghazaleh Amjad

Introduction Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies in humans, which affects five to ten percent of women in childbearing age ( 1 ). About 20 to 30 percent of women in reproductive age show polycystic

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Gunjan Garg, Garima Kachhawa, Rekha Ramot, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon, V Sreenivas, Alka Kriplani and N Gupta

(OH)D level further inhibit the application of vitamin D intervention trials. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is now recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age with a prevalence of 4–10% (9) . Women with PCOS

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Line K Johnson, Kirsten B Holven, Njord Nordstrand, Jan R Mellembakken, Tom Tanbo and Jøran Hjelmesæth

Introduction Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are often overweight and have a central fat distribution (1) . It is well known that abdominal obesity is associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome (MS) and increased risk of

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Thomas Reinehr, Alexandra Kulle, Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop-Schmenn, Nina Lass, Christina Bosse and Paul-Martin Holterhus

Introduction Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous syndrome that is characterized by features of anovulation (amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea) combined with symptoms of androgen excess (hirsutism, acne and alopecia) ( 1 ). The

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Mojca Jensterle, Nika Aleksandra Kravos, Simona Ferjan, Katja Goricar, Vita Dolzan and Andrej Janez

Introduction Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) brings significant heterogeneity of cardio-metabolic risk at the time of the confirmed diagnosis ( 1 ). Obesity, menstrual irregularity and hyperandrogenism are recognized as the most important

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Rosalie Cabry, Philippe Merviel, Aicha Madkour, Elodie Lefranc, Florence Scheffler, Rachel Desailloud, Veronique Bach and Moncef Benkhalifa

The negative impact of endocrine-disrupting pesticides on human fertility is now a key issue in reproductive health. There are much fewer literature data about the impact of pesticide exposure on women than on men, and very few studies of women participating in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) programme. In the present review, we found that (i) various pesticides with an endocrine-disrupting action are associated with poor oocyte maturation and competency, embryonic defects, and poor IVF outcomes, and (ii) some pesticide compounds are linked to specific causes of female infertility, such as premature ovarian insufficiency, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and endometriosis. IVF participants living in agricultural regions should be informed about the fertility decline, low ongoing pregnancy rates and elevated risk of miscarriage associated with exposure to high doses of pesticides.

Open access

Nafiye Helvaci, Erdem Karabulut, Ahmet Ugur Demir and Bulent Okan Yildiz

of following terms: obstructive sleep apnea or OSA or sleep disordered breathing or SDB or sleep and polycystic ovary syndrome or polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS. The reference lists of relevant publications were also checked for additional

Open access

Mírian Romitti, Vitor C Fabris, Patricia K Ziegelmann, Ana Luiza Maia and Poli Mara Spritzer

inflammation in polycystic ovarian syndrome . Gynecological Endocrinology 2012 28 974 – 978 . ( https://doi.org/10.3109/09513590.2012.683082 ) 10.3109/09513590.2012.683082 18 van Gelderen CJ Gomes dos Santos ML . Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Evidence

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Neil R Chappell, Beth Zhou, Amy K Schutt, William E Gibbons and Chellakkan S Blesson

Women’s Health 2015 7 745 – 763 . ( https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S70314 ) 3 Liu L Tong X Jiang L Li TC Zhou F Zhang S . A comparison of the miscarriage rate between women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing IVF