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Yao Su, Li Chen, Dong-Yao Zhang, Xu-Pei Gan, Yan-Nan Cao, De-Cui Cheng, Wen-Yu Liu, Fei-Fei Li, Xian-Ming Xu, and Hong-Kun Wang

patients who are obese or have type 2 diabetes also have an imbalance in their intestinal flora ( 2 ). In particular, the composition of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes , the two dominant bacteria in the intestinal flora, change in these patients ( 3

Open access

Mengxue Yang, Bowen Sun, Jianhui Li, Bo Yang, Jie Xu, Xue Zhou, Jie Yu, Xuan Zhang, Qun Zhang, Shan Zhou, and Xiaohua Sun

lamina propria ( 9 ), whereas Clostridium IV and XIVa can induce colonic Treg cells ( 10 ), indicating that alteration of the intestinal flora may lead to a Th17/Treg imbalance in AITD. Scholars have proposed a classic molecular simulation mechanism

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Ruixin Hu, Yanting Yuan, Chaolong Liu, Ji Zhou, Lixia Ji, and Guohui Jiang

-degrading bacteria emerge as the times require. The fiber-degrading bacteria can produce a large number of enzymes to depolymerize and ferment dietary polysaccharides, turning them into SCFAs that can be absorbed by the host. The energy supply of the intestinal flora

Open access

Yu Lin, Yingying Zhang, Lei Xu, Wei Long, Chunjian Shan, Hongjuan Ding, Lianghui You, Chun Zhao, and Zhonghua Shi

( 34 ). Similarly, the neonates of pregnant women with GDM tend to have more mastadenovirus and papillomavirus in their intestinal flora ( 35 ). Mastadenoviruses have been identified as the strongest infectious agents contributing to obesity, and a