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Sofya Gronskaia, Galina Melnichenko, Liudmila Rozhinskaya, Tatiana Grebennikova, Elizaveta Mamedova, Ekaterina Pigarova, Elena Przhialkovskaya, Larisa Dzeranova, Ivan Dedov, Valentin Fadeyev, Maria Luisa Brandi and Zhanna Belaya

Introduction Hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) are rare diseases, which are characterized by hypocalcemia due to low parathyroid hormone (PTH) or resistance to its action ( 1 ). Inadequate PTH levels result in biochemical

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Anping Su, Yanping Gong, Wenshuang Wu, Rixiang Gong, Zhihui Li and Jingqiang Zhu

bilateral central neck dissection, always increases the risk of postoperative hypoparathyroidism ( 3 ). The reported incidence in the literature varies from 14 to 51.9% for transient hypoparathyroidism and 0–43% for permanent hypoparathyroidism ( 3 , 4 , 5

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A Chinoy, M Skae, A Babiker, D Kendall, M Z Mughal and R Padidela

Introduction Hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is the partial or complete reduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion from the parathyroid glands. PTH stimulates 1-alpha-hydroxylase enzyme to produce 1,25(OH) 2 -vitamin D, which facilitates active

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Marianne C Astor, Kristian Løvås, Anette S B Wolff, Bjørn Nedrebø, Eirik Bratland, Jon Steen-Johnsen and Eystein S Husebye

Introduction Primary hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition with multiple aetiologies, in adults most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands by surgery or radiation, whereas autoimmune and genetic causes dominate in children

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Cristina Lamas, Elena Navarro, Anna Casterás, Paloma Portillo, Victoria Alcázar, María Calatayud, Cristina Álvarez-Escolá, Julia Sastre, Evangelina Boix, Lluis Forga, Almudena Vicente, Josep Oriola, Jordi Mesa and Nuria Valdés

after at least 6 months of normal calcium and PTH. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was defined as lasting for more than 6 months. Statistical analysis For the analysis, categorical variables were summarized as frequency counts and percentages

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Katherine U Gaynor, Irina V Grigorieva, Samantha M Mirczuk, Sian E Piret, Kreepa G Kooblall, Mark Stevenson, Karine Rizzoti, Michael R Bowl, M Andrew Nesbit, Paul T Christie, William D Fraser, Tertius Hough, Michael P Whyte, Robin Lovell-Badge and Rajesh V Thakker

Introduction Heritable hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is a genetically heterogeneous disease, characterized biochemically by hypocalcaemia, hyperphosphatemia, low plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations and inappropriately normal or high

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Maxime Duval, Kalyane Bach-Ngohou, Damien Masson, Camille Guimard, Philippe Le Conte and David Trewick

deficiency was defined as <50 nm/L (20 ng/mL), hypoparathyroidism by a PTH that was inappropriately low (<20 pg/mL) and hypomagnesemia as <0.6 mmol/L ( 6 , 11 , 18 ). Because of the retrospective nature of the study, approval by the local ethics committee

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Ghazala Zaidi, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia, Saroj K Sahoo, Aditya Narayan Sarangi, Niharika Bharti, Li Zhang, Liping Yu, Daniel Eriksson, Sophie Bensing, Olle Kämpe, Nisha Bharani, Surendra Kumar Yachha, Anil Bhansali, Alok Sachan, Vandana Jain, Nalini Shah, Rakesh Aggarwal, Amita Aggarwal, Muthuswamy Srinivasan, Sarita Agarwal and Eesh Bhatia

#240300) ( 1 , 2 ). It is diagnosed by the presence of at least two of three major components: chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (MCC), hypoparathyroidism (HP) and primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) ( 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). In addition, it is

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Jeremy Turner, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby and the Society for Endocrinology Clinical Committee

normocalcaemia and continue until treatment of the underlying cause has taken effect Treat the underlying cause; in post-operative hypo­calcaemia and other cases of hypoparathyroidism, this consists of alfacalcidol or calcitriol therapy. Starting doses should

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K Amrein, A Papinutti, E Mathew, G Vila and D Parekh

, osteoporosis therapy and prevention, hypoparathyroidism, prevention of rickets Hypercalcemia (rare) Inexpensive Unhydroxylated, inactive form of vitamin D2ErgocalciferolVitamin D2 Native 400–4000 IU and up to 25,000–100,000 IU by