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Anping Su, Yanping Gong, Wenshuang Wu, Rixiang Gong, Zhihui Li and Jingqiang Zhu

bilateral central neck dissection, always increases the risk of postoperative hypoparathyroidism ( 3 ). The reported incidence in the literature varies from 14 to 51.9% for transient hypoparathyroidism and 0–43% for permanent hypoparathyroidism ( 3 , 4 , 5

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A Chinoy, M Skae, A Babiker, D Kendall, M Z Mughal and R Padidela

Introduction Hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is the partial or complete reduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion from the parathyroid glands. PTH stimulates 1-alpha-hydroxylase enzyme to produce 1,25(OH) 2 -vitamin D, which facilitates active

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Marianne C Astor, Kristian Løvås, Anette S B Wolff, Bjørn Nedrebø, Eirik Bratland, Jon Steen-Johnsen and Eystein S Husebye

Introduction Primary hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition with multiple aetiologies, in adults most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands by surgery or radiation, whereas autoimmune and genetic causes dominate in children

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Cristina Lamas, Elena Navarro, Anna Casterás, Paloma Portillo, Victoria Alcázar, María Calatayud, Cristina Álvarez-Escolá, Julia Sastre, Evangelina Boix, Lluis Forga, Almudena Vicente, Josep Oriola, Jordi Mesa and Nuria Valdés

after at least 6 months of normal calcium and PTH. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was defined as lasting for more than 6 months. Statistical analysis For the analysis, categorical variables were summarized as frequency counts and percentages

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Maxime Duval, Kalyane Bach-Ngohou, Damien Masson, Camille Guimard, Philippe Le Conte and David Trewick

deficiency was defined as <50 nm/L (20 ng/mL), hypoparathyroidism by a PTH that was inappropriately low (<20 pg/mL) and hypomagnesemia as <0.6 mmol/L ( 6 , 11 , 18 ). Because of the retrospective nature of the study, approval by the local ethics committee

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Ghazala Zaidi, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia, Saroj K Sahoo, Aditya Narayan Sarangi, Niharika Bharti, Li Zhang, Liping Yu, Daniel Eriksson, Sophie Bensing, Olle Kämpe, Nisha Bharani, Surendra Kumar Yachha, Anil Bhansali, Alok Sachan, Vandana Jain, Nalini Shah, Rakesh Aggarwal, Amita Aggarwal, Muthuswamy Srinivasan, Sarita Agarwal and Eesh Bhatia

#240300) ( 1 , 2 ). It is diagnosed by the presence of at least two of three major components: chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (MCC), hypoparathyroidism (HP) and primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) ( 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). In addition, it is

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Jeremy Turner, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby and the Society for Endocrinology Clinical Committee

normocalcaemia and continue until treatment of the underlying cause has taken effect Treat the underlying cause; in post-operative hypo­calcaemia and other cases of hypoparathyroidism, this consists of alfacalcidol or calcitriol therapy. Starting doses should

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K Amrein, A Papinutti, E Mathew, G Vila and D Parekh

, osteoporosis therapy and prevention, hypoparathyroidism, prevention of rickets Hypercalcemia (rare) Inexpensive Unhydroxylated, inactive form of vitamin D2ErgocalciferolVitamin D2 Native 400–4000 IU and up to 25,000–100,000 IU by

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Dirk-Jan van Beek, Rachel S van Leeuwaarde, Carolina R C Pieterman, Menno R Vriens, Gerlof D Valk and the DutchMEN Study Group

complications of surgery (e.g. hypoparathyroidism after (sub)total parathyroidectomy) and survival of dp-NETs as important topics since these affect quality of life. In a process of informed shared decision-making, research questions and study aims were

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Lia Ferreira, João Silva, Susana Garrido, Carlos Bello, Diana Oliveira, Hélder Simões, Isabel Paiva, Joana Guimarães, Marta Ferreira, Teresa Pereira, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Ana Filipa Martins, Tiago Silva, Vera Fernandes, Maria Lopes Pereira and Adrenal Tumors Study Group of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology

very rare monogenic disorder caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator ( AIRE ) gene and is characterized by the presence of two of the three main components: AD, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and hypoparathyroidism. The more common APS-2 is