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Chenghao Piao, Xiaojie Wang, Shiqiao Peng, Xinyu Guo, Hui Zhao, Li He, Yan Zeng, Fan Zhang, Kewen Zhu and Yiwei Wang

Introduction Insulin sensitivity during pregnancy is reduced with the advancement of gestation. Thus, the demand for insulin is elevated to maintain the common blood sugar ( 1 ). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by glucose

Open access

Hathairat Rueangdetnarong, Rattanaporn Sekararithi, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sirinart Kumfu, Nipon Chattipakorn, Theera Tongsong and Phudit Jatavan

Introduction Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disease in pregnancy, characterized by abnormal blood sugar levels, leading to several maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes ( 1 ). Currently, the prevalence of GDM

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Jing Wang, Leishen Wang, Huikun Liu, Shuang Zhang, Junhong Leng, Weiqin Li, Tao Zhang, Nan Li, Wei Li, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou and Gang Hu

Introduction The worldwide rise in over-nutrition, sedentary life and obesity has resulted in a steep increase in the number of women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy ( 1 ). Nearly 7% of pregnancies in the

Open access

Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen

Introduction Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. The prevalence of GDM varies from 9% to 25% and the prevalence of PCOS varies from 5

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Angela Köninger, Antonella Iannaccone, Ensar Hajder, Mirjam Frank, Boerge Schmidt, Ekkehard Schleussner, Rainer Kimmig, Alexandra Gellhaus and Hans Dieplinger

pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) ( 11 , 12 ). IR, as determined with homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) ( 13 ), when present before the beginning of a pregnancy seems to be the strongest factor associated with the

Open access

Ling-Jun Li, Izzuddin M Aris, Lin Lin Su, Yap Seng Chong, Tien Yin Wong, Kok Hian Tan and Jie Jin Wang

Introduction Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are two of the most commonly seen pregnancy complications that adversely affect both short-term and long-term maternal and fetal outcomes ( 1 , 2

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Xiujuan Su, Yan Zhao, Zhijuan Cao, Yingying Yang, Tony Duan and Jing Hua

of a series of pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes, including gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, placenta previa, placenta abruption and neonatal weight-related outcomes. Subjects and

Open access

Alice S Ryan, John C McLenithan and Gretchen M Zietowski

Introduction Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) within 5 years following pregnancy (1, 2) with the reported incidence of T2DM ranging from

Open access

Huguette S Brink, Aart Jan van der Lely and Joke van der Linden

metabolism and gestational diabetes . Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 1994 37 25 – 38 . ( doi:10.1097/00003081-199403000-00007 ) 4 Butte NF . Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy: normal compared with gestational diabetes mellitus

Open access

Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

of gestational diabetes mellitus and its association with Type 2 diabetes . Diabetic Medicine 2004 21 103 – 113 . ( https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1464-5491.2003.00985.x ) 10.1046/j.1464-5491.2003.00985.x 2 Kim C Berger DK Chamany S