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Shruti Khare, Anurag R Lila, Hiren Patt, Chaitanya Yerawar, Manjunath Goroshi, Tushar Bandgar, and Nalini S Shah

asymptomatic phase (8, 9) . Overall the observed gender differences in our cohort (younger age at presentation, smaller tumour dimension and lesser serum prolactin levels in female) are coherent with the reported gender differences in macroprolactinoma series

Open access

Lisa Arnetz, Neda Rajamand Ekberg, Kerstin Brismar, and Michael Alvarsson

found to be normal (7, 8) or decreased (9) . These inconsistent results may be explained by gender differences in HPA axis regulation. Many previous studies have only included patients of one gender, or have not factored in gender in the analyses (7

Open access

Sayaka Kawano, Yukiko Kawagoe, Kenji Kuwasako, Satoshi Shimamoto, Koji Igarashi, Mariko Tokashiki, Kazuo Kitamura, and Johji Kato

) , it is possible that a gender difference in BW gain-induced production of AM in the adipose tissue accounts for the present phenomenon. According to a report by Paulmyer-Lacroix et al . (23) , expression of AM is augmented in the omental adipose

Open access

Reshma Aziz Merchant, Michael Wong Wai Kit, Jia Yi Lim, and John E Morley

shortest in the high BMI without CO group (10.4 ± 2.9 s). However, there were gender differences where in male, TUG was longest in the normal BMI with CO group (12.7 ± 5.2 s) and shortest in the high BMI without CO group (10.2 ± 2.8 s) (Supplementary Table

Open access

Alessandro Ciresi, Stefano Radellini, Valentina Guarnotta, Maria Grazia Mineo, and Carla Giordano

demonstrated in GHD adults, to date, very few studies about gender difference are available in prepubertal GHD children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gender on the clinical and metabolic parameters in a large series of prepubertal GHD

Open access

Jiaxi Li, Pu Huang, Jing Xiong, Xinyue Liang, Mei Li, Hao Ke, Chunli Chen, Yang Han, Yanhong Huang, Yan Zhou, Ziqiang Luo, Dandan Feng, and Chen Chen

, serum ghrelin levels were decreased in T2D patients significantly, while LEAP2 levels were increased significantly. For gender differences, serum ghrelin levels were higher in females in both healthy and T2D groups. Compared with healthy adults, the

Open access

Lukas Engler, Christian Adolf, Daniel A Heinrich, Anna-Katharine Brem, Anna Riester, Anna Franke, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Reincke, Axel Steiger, and Heike Künzel

Yassouridis for his statistical support. References 1 Apostolopoulou K Kunzel HE Gerum S Merkle K Schulz S Fischer E Pallauf A Brand V Bidlingmaier M Endres S , Gender differences in anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with primary

Open access

Alessandra Gambineri and Carla Pelusi

Role of sex and gender on the development of type 2 diabetes There is increasing evidence that sex and gender differences influence the epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment and outcomes of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM

Open access

M Boering, P R van Dijk, S J J Logtenberg, K H Groenier, B H R Wolffenbuttel, R O B Gans, N Kleefstra, and H J G Bilo

concentrations during both treatment phases. Because of known gender differences and because collection of samples took place irrespective of phase of the menstrual cycle, the results of SHBG and testosterone were presented for males and females separately and

Open access

Julia H Goedecke, Mehreen Tootla, and Dheshnie Keswell

Introduction Sex hormones are important determinants of regional body fat distribution, as evidenced by gender differences in body fat distribution. Indeed, an increase in oestrogen levels are related to greater gynoid body fat deposition ( 1