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Yiqiong Ma, Zhaowei Chen, Yu Tao, Jili Zhu, Hongxia Yang, Wei Liang and Guohua Ding

Introduction As a severe type of diabetic microangiopathy, diabetic nephropathy (DN) is considered the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide ( 1 ). In China, there are 113.9 million people with diabetes, and the

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W Liu, Y Wang, X Han, X Cai, Y Zhu, M Zhang, S Gong, J Li and L Ji

are the conventionally used predictors of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). ( 2 , 3 ) Previous studies have shown that almost all T1DM patients are likely to develop some degree of DN within 20 years of diagnosis. ( 4 , 5 ) In

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Ram P Narayanan, Bo Fu, Adrian H Heald, Kirk W Siddals, Robert L Oliver, Julie E Hudson, Antony Payton, Simon G Anderson, Anne White, William E R Ollier and J Martin Gibson

Introduction The rising prevalence of diabetes worldwide is associated with increased morbidity and mortality (1) . Diabetic nephropathy is a major complication of diabetes and is the commonest cause of end-stage renal disease (2) . The

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Xiangyu Gao, Wanwan Sun, Yi Wang, Yawen Zhang, Rumei Li, Jinya Huang and Yehong Yang

conditions including diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic neuropathy, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiovascular disease ( 1 ). The incidence of diabetes is on worrisome rise globally, especially in China ( 2

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A H Ludwig-Slomczynska, S Borys, M T Seweryn, J Hohendorff, P Kapusta, B Kiec-Wilk, E Pitera, P P Wolkow and M T Malecki

R Pettersson-Fernholm K Saraheimo M Fröjdö S Forsblom C Fagerudd J Hansen TK Flyvbjerg A , Elevated MBL concentrations are not an indication of association between the MBL2 gene and type 1 diabetes or diabetic nephropathy . Diabetes

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Ann-Kristin Picke, Graeme Campbell, Nicola Napoli, Lorenz C Hofbauer and Martina Rauner

the Wnt inhibitors, sclerostin and DKK-1, are increased in T2DM ( 12 , 77 ) as are serum levels of active transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), which is associated with the development of diabetic nephropathy ( 78 ). Culturing pre-osteoblasts in this

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Cornelia Then, Holger Then, Andreas Lechner, Cornelia Huth, Christa Meisinger, Margit Heier, Annette Peters, Wolfgang Koenig, Wolfgang Rathmann, Christian Herder, Michael Roden, Jürgen Scherberich and Jochen Seissler

possibly represents a tissue-specific marker for early diabetic nephropathy that escapes GFR estimates due to diabetes-related glomerular hyperfiltration. The inverse association of sUmod with BMI and waist circumference independently of fasting glucose in

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E R Polina, F M Oliveira, R C Sbruzzi, D Crispim, L H Canani and K G Santos

Liu E Essex RW Chang JH Pal B Sivaprasad S Pefkianaki M Daniell M , et al . A single-nucleotide polymorphism in the microRNA-146a gene is associated with diabetic nephropathy and sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in Caucasian

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Taís S Assmann, Mariana Recamonde-Mendoza, Bianca M De Souza and Daisy Crispim

Computing , 2013 . 46 Barutta F Tricarico M Corbelli A Annaratone L Pinach S Grimaldi S Bruno G Cimino D Taverna D Deregibus MC . Urinary exosomal microRNAs in incipient diabetic nephropathy . PLoS ONE 2013 8

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Maurício Martins da Silva, Lueni Lopes Felix Xavier, Carlos Frederico Lima Gonçalves, Ana Paula Santos-Silva, Francisca Diana Paiva-Melo, Mariana Lopes de Freitas, Rodrigo Soares Fortunato, Leandro Miranda-Alves and Andrea Claudia Freitas Ferreira

bisphenol A and progression of type 2 diabetic nephropathy: a 6-year prospective study . Acta Diabetologica 2015 52 1135 – 1141 . ( ) 10.1007/s00592-015-0801-5 26321107 34 Hu J Wang Y Xiang X Peng C Gao R