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Eva Olga Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander and Magnus Hillman

Introduction Depression is associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D), Alzheimer’s disease, increased coronary heart disease and both coronary and all-cause mortality ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). T1D has a serious impact on mental health, indicated by the more

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Greta B Raglan, Louis A Schmidt and Jay Schulkin

the presentation of clinical disorders. Depression and anxiety Although diagnostic criteria for anxiety and depressive disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder are unique and diverse, they are generally

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Lukas Engler, Christian Adolf, Daniel A Heinrich, Anna-Katharine Brem, Anna Riester, Anna Franke, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Reincke, Axel Steiger and Heike Künzel

Introduction Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) are thought to be a natural model for chronic aldosterone excess, showing significantly higher scores for depression and anxiety compared to the general population, with females being more

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Sheila Leone, Lucia Recinella, Annalisa Chiavaroli, Claudio Ferrante, Giustino Orlando, Michele Vacca, Roberto Salvatori and Luigi Brunetti

pituitary GH secretion. We have also observed that −/− mice have decreased anxiety- and depression-related behaviour ( Figs 7 and 8 ), excluding any stress-induced behavioural inhibition, confirming previous results ( 12 ). Additionally, −/− mice

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Eva O Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander and Magnus Hillman

pathogenesis of DR occurs by alterations in multiple biochemical pathways, which involve several metabolic, inflammatory and endocrine responses ( 1 , 2 , 4 , 6 ). Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder worldwide with great impact not only on

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Dorte Glintborg, Magda Lambaa Altinok, Pernille Ravn, Kurt Bjerregaard Stage, Kurt Højlund and Marianne Andersen

obesity predicts the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in PCOS ( 3 ). Furthermore, obesity predicted poor quality of life in women with PCOS ( 4 ), and the risk of depression was 2–5 times increased in PCOS ( 5 , 6 ). PCOS is characterized by

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Emmi Naskali, Katja Dettmer, Peter J Oefner, Pedro A B Pereira, Kai Krohn, Petri Auvinen, Annamari Ranki and Nicolas Kluger

symptoms in 29% of Finnish APECED patients ( 13 ). Besides, alteration of gut microbiome composition has been shown to be associated with various diseases such as mental depression and autoimmune diseases ( 14 ). It has become evident that gut microbes

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Natasha Bergmann, Søren Ballegaard, Pernille Holmager, Per Bech, Åke Hjalmarson, Finn Gyntelberg and Jens Faber

Introduction The risk of depression in people with diabetes is two times higher when compared with patients without diabetes, and major depression and elevated depressive symptoms have been found to be present in 11 and 31%, respectively, of

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Diana-Alexandra Ertl, Andreas Gleiss, Katharina Schubert, Caroline Culen, Peer Hauck, Johannes Ott, Alois Gessl and Gabriele Haeusler

Health) compared to the SF-36v2 reference population. Results were documented on a scale from 0 to 100, where higher scores show a better quality of life. Depression assessment Depression was evaluated using the summary score of Beck’s Depression

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Eeva M Ryhänen, Ilkka Heiskanen, Harri Sintonen, Matti J Välimäki, Risto P Roine and Camilla Schalin-Jäntti

electronic patient record of the Helsinki University Hospital. Possible PHPT-related symptoms (fatigue, depression, loss of memory, abdominal pain or nausea, muscle weakness, and joint pains) as documented by the endocrinologist evaluating the patient before