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David J F Smith, Hemanth Prabhudev, Sirazum Choudhury and Karim Meeran

steroid replacement are regularly assessed for cardiovascular risk, as this is the commonest cause of premature death in this group ( 18 ). A recent European report found that most markers of cardiovascular risk were the same in patients on prednisolone

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Andrea V Haas, Paul N Hopkins, Nancy J Brown, Luminita H Pojoga, Jonathan S Williams, Gail K Adler and Gordon H Williams

mounting evidence that CV risk is heritable ( 20 ). Members of our group have previously shown that a prevalent caveolin-1 (CAV1) gene variant (rs926198) is related to cardiovascular risk (insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome) ( 21 , 22 ). CAV1 is

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Gunjan Garg, Garima Kachhawa, Rekha Ramot, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon, V Sreenivas, Alka Kriplani and N Gupta

cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with PCOS. Material and methods Study design This study was conducted as a prospective randomized double-blind placebo controlled study after obtaining approval from the ethics committee of the institute and written

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Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

, impaired glucose tolerance or frank type 2 diabetes, low-grade inflammation and increased pro-thrombotic state ( 2 ). This high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in PCOS is assumed to be associated with accelerated cardiovascular disease. However

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V Guarnotta, C Di Stefano, A Santoro, A Ciresi, A Coppola and C Giordano

conventional GCs in patients with AI, on anthropometric parameters, glucose and lipid metabolism, and cardiovascular risk estimated by the FRS for non-diabetic patients ( 11 ) and the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) risk engine for diabetic

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Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

in pregnancy and later cardiovascular risk: common antecedents? Circulation 2010 122 579 – 584 . ( ) 20660802 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.943407 20 Qiu C Williams MA Leisenring WM

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Marcus Quinkler, Bertil Ekman, Claudio Marelli, Sharif Uddin, Pierre Zelissen, Robert D Murray and on behalf of the EU-AIR Investigators

effects on cardiovascular risk factors. Data from patients with rheumatoid arthritis on low-dose prednisolone/prednisone (defined as a dose of prednisone <10 mg/day) suggest a trend of increasing cardiovascular events ( 20 ). Using data derived from the

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Kristin Godang, Karolina Lundstam, Charlotte Mollerup, Stine Lyngvi Fougner, Ylva Pernow, Jörgen Nordenström, Thord Rosén, Svante Jansson, Mikael Hellström, Jens Bollerslev, Ansgar Heck and the SIPH Study Group

cardiovascular disease ( 2 , 3 ). PTH is a metabolically active hormone and elevated levels of PTH are associated with alterations in cardiac structure and function, cardiovascular risk factors and overweight ( 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). Some studies, but not all, have

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Isabel M Abreu, Eva Lau, Bernardo de Sousa Pinto and Davide Carvalho

has been widely recognized as being a cardiovascular risk factor, as it is associated with dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, coagulation disorders and, thus, atherosclerosis ( 4

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Vito Francic, Martin Keppel, Verena Schwetz, Christian Trummer, Marlene Pandis, Valentin Borzan, Martin R Grübler, Nicolas D Verheyen, Marcus E Kleber, Graciela Delgado, Angela P Moissl, Benjamin Dieplinger, Winfried März, Andreas Tomaschitz, Stefan Pilz and Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch

complex phenomenon ( 1 ). Indeed, according to population-based and epidemiological studies, cardiovascular events are more common in winter, which coincides not only with lower temperatures and with the peak of several cardiovascular risk factors as well