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Sandra N Slagter, Robert P van Waateringe, André P van Beek, Melanie M van der Klauw, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel and Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk

prevalence of each metabolic risk component differs with sex ( 3 , 4 , 5 ). Especially abdominal obesity is more common in women ( 2 , 4 , 5 ). Whether the sex differences in the MetS features persist within different body mass index (BMI) classes and

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Maria Lola Evia-Viscarra, Edel Rafael Rodea-Montero, Evelia Apolinar-Jiménez and Silvia Quintana-Vargas

Introduction A sedentary lifestyle and a diet rich in carbohydrates and fats during childhood leads to obesity. In Mexico, the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 data estimate a high prevalence of obesity, defined as a BMI ≥ the 95th

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Sanna Mustaniemi, Marja Vääräsmäki, Johan G Eriksson, Mika Gissler, Hannele Laivuori, Hilkka Ijäs, Aini Bloigu, Eero Kajantie and Laure Morin-Papunen

, another study reported that non-obese women with PCOS were not at risk for GDM ( 20 ). Also, two studies including participants matched for BMI and age did not report increased risk for GDM in women with PCOS ( 21 , 22 ). Despite these inconsistent data

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Anna Kistner, Mireille Vanpée and Kerstin Hall

children (5) and at young adulthood (6) . In our group of children born SGA at term (defined as BW SDS below −2 SDS), we have recently found higher insulin levels compared with the controls when adjusted for BMI, indicating early signs of a peripheral

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Jing Wang, Leishen Wang, Huikun Liu, Shuang Zhang, Junhong Leng, Weiqin Li, Tao Zhang, Nan Li, Wei Li, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou and Gang Hu

associated with the offspring’s BMI at birth and after 5 years old ( 5 , 6 ). The offspring of Pima Indian women with preexistent diabetes and GDM had much higher rates of obesity at age 5–19 years, compared with their counterparts born to prediabetic and

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Ahmet Uçar, Nurçin Saka, Firdevs Baş, Nihal Hatipoğlu, Rüveyde Bundak and Feyza Darendeliler

) , which are necessary initial steps in atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that PA in girls born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) may not be a risk factor for atherosclerosis when intrauterine growth restriction, changes in body mass index (BMI), and

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Taísa A R Vicente, Ívina E S Rocha, Roberto Salvatori, Carla R P Oliveira, Rossana M C Pereira, Anita H O Souza, Viviane C Campos, Elenilde G Santos, Rachel D C Araújo Diniz, Eugênia H O Valença, Carlos C Epitácio-Pereira, Mario C P Oliveira, Andrea Mari and Manuel H Aguiar-Oliveira

previous report was that the MUT/MUT and N/N groups were not matched for BMI. It is difficult to match MUT/MUT with N/N individuals, as reduced BMI is a hallmark of congenital GHD. However, subjects who are heterozygous for the mutation (MUT/N) have a

Open access

S U Jayasinghe, S J Torres, C A Nowson, A J Tilbrook and A I Turner

methods Participants Lean (BMI range 20–25 kg/m 2 ) and overweight/obese (BMI range 27–35 kg/m 2 ) men aged 50–70 years were recruited using newspaper and online advertisements, fliers in community centres and medical clinics, mail outs to participants of

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Alessandro Ciresi, Stefano Radellini, Valentina Guarnotta, Maria Grazia Mineo and Carla Giordano

to 0.030–0.032 mg/kg from month 18 to 24 in order to achieve the above-mentioned targets. Study protocol In all children at baseline, we measured body height (expressed as s.d. ), BMI s.d. and waist circumference (WC). GH secretion was

Open access

Marko Stojanovic, Zida Wu, Craig E Stiles, Dragana Miljic, Ivan Soldatovic, Sandra Pekic, Mirjana Doknic, Milan Petakov, Vera Popovic, Christian Strasburger and Márta Korbonits

were matched for age and BMI. Six of the GHD patients had isolated GHD and seven had additional pituitary hormone deficiencies, two of which had complete anterior pituitary hormone deficiency with additional central diabetes insipidus in one of the two