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Jia Liu, Min Liu, Zhe Chen, Yumei Jia and Guang Wang

-mapping value along with the increased severity of thyroid dysfunction (among the control group, the EU group, the SHO group and the HO group) ( P  < 0.01; Figs 1 , 2 and Table 1 ). Figure 1 Color maps of thyroid T1-mapping based on a modified

Open access

Xiujuan Su, Yan Zhao, Zhijuan Cao, Yingying Yang, Tony Duan and Jing Hua

disease varies widely in its subtypes and populations ( 6 , 7 ). A systematic review reported that pooled prevalence of thyroid dysfunction, using the 97.5th percentile as an upper limit for TSH, ranges from 0.5 to 3.5% in different subtypes ( 8

Open access

Paolo G Arduino, Dora Karimi, Federico Tirone, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Marco Cabras, Alessio Gambino, Davide Conrotto, Stefano Salzano, Mario Carbone and Roberto Broccoletti

, hypertension, and HCV infection. Discussion To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest prospective study ever published reporting the possible positive relationship between OLP and thyroid diseases. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction

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Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

ADP, vaspin, and visfatin in the context of thyroid dysfunction and the associated changes in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The reason for choosing them is the increasing evidence regarding their changes in states of thyroid dysfunction

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Jakob Kirkegård, Dora Körmendiné Farkas, Jens Otto Lunde Jørgensen and Deirdre P Cronin-Fenton

disease. Some gastrointestinal cancers may also present with symptoms mimicking thyroid dysfunction such as fatigue, fever, gastrointestinal symptoms and weight loss. This could lead to an early cancer diagnosis, increasing the SIRs in the first year of

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Jiashu Li, Aihua Liu, Haixia Liu, Chenyan Li, Weiwei Wang, Cheng Han, Xinyi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Weiping Teng and Zhongyan Shan

Introduction Thyroid dysfunction is a common endocrine disorder among reproductively aged women ( 1 ), with a morbidity of 2–3%. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common condition of thyroid disorders during pregnancy ( 2 ) and is

Open access

J Brossaud, V Pallet and J-B Corcuff

Vitamin A (retinol) is a micronutrient critical for cell proliferation and differentiation. In adults, vitamin A and metabolites such as retinoic acid (RA) play major roles in vision, immune and brain functions and tissue remodelling and metabolism. This review presents the physiological interactions of retinoids and endocrine tissues and hormonal systems. Two endocrine systems have been particularly studied. In the pituitary, retinoids target the corticotrophs with a possible therapeutic use in corticotropinomas. In the thyroid, retinoids interfere with iodine metabolism and vitamin A deficiency aggravates thyroid dysfunction caused by iodine-deficient diets. Retinoids use in thyroid cancer appears less promising than expected. Recent and still controversial studies investigated the relations between retinoids and metabolic syndrome. Indeed, retinoids contribute to pancreatic development and modify fat and glucose metabolism. However, more detailed studies are needed before planning any therapeutic use. Finally, retinoids probably play more minor roles in adrenal and gonads development and function apart from their major effects on spermatogenesis.

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Amir Bashkin, Eliran Yaakobi, Marina Nodelman and Ohad Ronen

Introduction Routine TSH blood level screening test for thyroid function in hospitalized patients with other acute disease is not recommended by the leading associations of thyroid medicine ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Thyroid dysfunction during

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Aaron Lerner, Patricia Jeremias and Torsten Matthias

increased intestinal permeability ( 9 ). This phenomenon was described in CD ( 9 , 14 ), IBD and thyroidal dysfunction ( 24 ). Finally, as microbes are a major breacher of the tight junction integrity and as dysbiosis is crucial in autoimmunogenesis, the

Open access

Giorgio Radetti, Mariacarolina Salerno, Chiara Guzzetti, Marco Cappa, Andrea Corrias, Alessandra Cassio, Graziano Cesaretti, Roberto Gastaldi, Mario Rotondi, Fiorenzo Lupi, Antonio Fanolla, Giovanna Weber and Sandro Loche

-density cholesterol; Total-C, total cholesterol. TSH serum level at diagnosis was the only significant predictor of thyroid dysfunction after 2 months. We also found a significant correlation between TSH serum concentrations at diagnosis and those measured 2