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Stavroula A Paschou, Eleni Palioura, Dimitrios Ioannidis, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Argyro Panagiotakou, Vasiliki Loi, Georgios Karageorgos, Dimitrios G Goulis and Andromachi Vryonidou

insulin resistance is positively associated with the degree of hyperandrogenism ( 5 , 6 ) and this was confirmed by a meta-analysis including 32 observational studies and 9556 women with PCOS in total. The higher the levels of androgens, the higher the

Open access

Christian Trummer, Stefan Pilz, Verena Schwetz, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch and Elisabeth Lerchbaum

no treatment effect on pregnancy outcomes, the endometrial thickness was significantly higher in the vitamin D when compared to the placebo group. Meta-analyses A recent meta-analysis ( 63 ) including 16 studies involving 315 participants on

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Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

-1713 ) 10.1210/jc.2004-1713 5 Bellamy L Casas JP Hingorani AD Williams D. Type 2 diabetes mellitus after gestational diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis . Lancet 2009 373 1773 – 1779 . ( https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140

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N K Stepto, D Hiam, M Gibson-Helm, S Cassar, C L Harrison, S K Hutchison, A E Joham, B J Canny, A Moreno-Asso, B J Strauss, N Hatzirodos, R J Rodgers and H J Teede

. References 1 Bozdag G Mumusoglu S Zengin D Karabulut E Yildiz BO . The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis . Human Reproduction 2016 31 2841 – 2855 . ( https://doi.org/10

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Renea A Taylor, Jennifer Lo, Natasha Ascui and Matthew J Watt

illustrated in a meta-analysis of 17 studies encompassing 3 569 926 prostate cancer patients. Although the findings of the individual studies contributing to these meta-analyses differed dramatically, overall, obesity was not significantly correlated with the

Open access

Madalena von Hafe, João Sergio Neves, Catarina Vale, Marta Borges-Canha and Adelino Leite-Moreira

(CHD) events and mortality and atrial fibrillation ( 52 , 53 ). CHD mortality and atrial fibrillation are correlated with TSH levels, being higher with TSH under 0.10 mIU/L when compared with levels between 0.10 and 0.44 mIU/L ( 54 ). In a meta-analysis

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Yongping Liu, Shuo Wang, Qingling Guo, Yongze Li, Jing Qin, Na Zhao, Yushu Li, Zhongyan Shan and Weiping Teng

) 10.1056/NEJM199607113350206 3 Pan XF Gu JQ Shan ZY. The prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in patients with urticaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis . Endocrine 2015 48 804 – 810 . ( doi:10.1007/s12020-014-0367-y ) 10

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Malachi J McKenna, Barbara F Murray, Myra O'Keane and Mark T Kilbane

vitamin D supplements on bone mineral density: a systematic review and meta-analysis . Lancet 2014 383 146 – 155 . ( doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61647-5 ). 11 Bolland MJ Grey A Gamble GD Reid IR . The effect of vitamin D supplementation on

Open access

Yuan Fang, Xuehong Zhang, Huilin Xu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Dongli Xu, Hong Fang and Wang Hong Xu

prostate cancer: an update and cumulative meta-analysis . Endocrine Research 2015 40 54 – 61 . ( https://doi.org/10.3109/07435800.2014.934961 ) 3 Hua F Yu JJ Hu ZW . Diabetes and cancer, common threads and missing links . Cancer Letters 2016

Open access

Shin-ya Ueda, Hidehiro Nakahara, Eriko Kawai, Tatsuya Usui, Shintaro Tsuji and Tadayoshi Miyamoto

, 34 ). A recent meta-analysis found that exercise may influence appetite by suppressing AG concentrations ( 23 ). In addition, AG was previously shown to be suppressed during swimming ( 17 ). We herein demonstrated that walking in water decreased AG