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Stefan Pilz, Armin Zittermann, Christian Trummer, Verena Theiler-Schwetz, Elisabeth Lerchbaum, Martin H Keppel, Martin R Grübler, Winfried März and Marlene Pandis

Introduction Vitamin D is critical for bone and mineral metabolism and is effective in the prevention and treatment of rickets and osteomalacia ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Given that vitamin D receptors (VDRs) are expressed in almost every

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Caroline Serrano-Nascimento, Rafael Barrera Salgueiro, Kaio Fernando Vitzel, Thiago Pantaleão, Vânia Maria Corrêa da Costa and Maria Tereza Nunes

Introduction Iodine is essential for thyroxine (T 4 ) and triiodothyronine (T 3 ) synthesis, which are the only iodine-containing hormones in vertebrates and exert crucial effects on the regulation of development, metabolism and growth ( 1

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Amalie Carlsson, Kaspar Sørensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Hanne Frederiksen and Anders Juul

significant differences in anthropometrics, body composition or glucose metabolism were found between tertiles of any of the phthalates measured (results not shown). Discussion In this clinical study of healthy normal-weight children, urinary BPA and

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Yiyan Wang, Yaoyao Dong, Yinghui Fang, Yao Lv, Qiqi Zhu, Xiaoheng Li, Qingquan Lian and Ren-Shan Ge

glucocorticoid in rats ( 18 ). Therefore, administration of exogenous cortisol to rats can be used to monitor its metabolism as an index of in vivo HSD11B2 activity ( 19 ). Twelve female rats, weighing 300 ± 20 g, were divided into two groups that were orally

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Tao Mei, Jianhe Zhang, Liangfeng Wei, Xingfeng Qi, Yiming Ma, Xianhua Liu, Shaohua Chen, Songyuan Li, Jianwu Wu and Shousen Wang

tumor cells have high metabolic characteristics ( 2 ). Other studies have suggested that angiogenesis is not pronounced in PA, and therefore, the low blood supply and high metabolisms of PA cells make tumor tissues readily susceptible to ischemia and

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V Guarnotta, C Di Stefano, A Santoro, A Ciresi, A Coppola and C Giordano

conventional GCs in patients with AI, on anthropometric parameters, glucose and lipid metabolism, and cardiovascular risk estimated by the FRS for non-diabetic patients ( 11 ) and the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) risk engine for diabetic

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Eric Seidel, Gudrun Walenda, Clemens Messerschmidt, Benedikt Obermayer, Mirko Peitzsch, Paal Wallace, Rohini Bahethi, Taekyeong Yoo, Murim Choi, Petra Schrade, Sebastian Bachmann, Gerhard Liebisch, Graeme Eisenhofer, Dieter Beule and Ute I Scholl

, H and K); 1.25 µm (C, F, I and L). Pathways involving steroid metabolism and transport, apoptosis, cell growth and Wnt signaling are altered in mitotane-resistant cell lines We compared gene expression profiles of six mitotane

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K L Gatford, G K Heinemann, S D Thompson, J V Zhang, S Buckberry, J A Owens, G A Dekker, C T Roberts and on behalf of the SCOPE Consortium

Introduction The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), IGF1 and IGF2, are important regulators of placental and foetal development, as well as postnatal growth and metabolism. In humans, circulating IGF1 peaks in adolescence and then falls with age

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Estíbaliz Castillero, Ana Isabel Martín, Maria Paz Nieto-Bona, Carmen Fernández-Galaz, María López-Menduiña, María Ángeles Villanúa and Asunción López-Calderón

addition to inflammatory mediators, dysregulation of metabolism is an important contributor to inflammatory cachexia (2) . Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of nuclear receptors that modulate metabolism and inflammation

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Anru Wang, Xueqin Yan, Cai Zhang, Caiqi Du, Wenjun Long, Di Zhan and Xiaoping Luo

body composition or lipid and glucose metabolism (e.g., the use of thyroid medication, thiazolidinediones or metformin) were excluded. All anthropometric and biochemical measures were recorded at baseline and after 6 months of the intervention