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Katherine A Bolton, Kelly A Avery-Kiejda, Elizabeth G Holliday, John Attia, Nikola A Bowden and Rodney J Scott

16.9–66.6 17.4–47.1  Median 30.0 27.9  Mean ( s.d. ) 31.3 (7.8) 28.5 (5.3)  Underweight (BMI<18.5) n =1 n =1  Normal (18.5 ≤ BMI<25) n =37 n =58  Overweight (25 ≤ BMI<30) n =56 n =91

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Søs Dragsbæk Larsen, Christine Dalgård, Mathilde Egelund Christensen, Sine Lykkedegn, Louise Bjørkholt Andersen, Marianne Andersen, Dorte Glintborg and Henrik Thybo Christesen

cord s-25OHD in Q1 (<30.6 nmol/L) had mothers who were more often overweight or obese, smokers, of non-western ethnicity, and with higher parity, less sun exposure and lower vitamin D supplementation level compared to mothers of children with levels in

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Kim K B Clemmensen, Jonas S Quist, Dorte Vistisen, Daniel R Witte, Anna Jonsson, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens J Holst, Torsten Lauritzen, Marit E Jørgensen, Signe Torekov and Kristine Færch

included. It consisted only of middle-aged and older individuals, and only half of the invited individuals participated. The attendees were more likely to be men, overweight and to have a family history of diabetes ( 16 ). We cannot rule out that there are

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Johan Verhelst, Anders F Mattsson, Cecilia Camacho-Hübner, Anton Luger and Roger Abs

reminds of a comparable observation in which overweight diabetic subjects lose less weight than their overweight nondiabetic spouses on a same weight-control program, a finding which has been confirmed afterwards ( 22 , 23 ). This dissimilarity can be

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Fahim Ebrahimi, Sandrine A Urwyler, Philipp Schuetz, Beat Mueller, Luca Bernasconi, Peter Neyer, Marc Y Donath and Mirjam Christ-Crain

Health Organization . Fact sheet: Obesity and overweight . Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 2018 . (available at: http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight ) 2 Flegal KM Graubard BI Williamson DF Gail MH . Cause-specific excess

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Henryk F Urbanski, Kevin Mueller and Cynthia L Bethea

to be overweight or obese, and this may adversely affect the responses of postmenopausal women to HT. In female rhesus macaques fed standard primate chow, SERM treatment caused weight loss with an increase in physical activity ( 5 ). Similarly

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Line K Johnson, Kirsten B Holven, Njord Nordstrand, Jan R Mellembakken, Tom Tanbo and Jøran Hjelmesæth

Introduction Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are often overweight and have a central fat distribution (1) . It is well known that abdominal obesity is associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome (MS) and increased risk of

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Kamran Iqbal, Kate Halsby, Robert D Murray, Paul V Carroll and Robert Petermann

*   n 1159 503 18 0.078  Mean 28.5 28.7 29.5  Underweight/normal 338 29.2 167 33.2 5 27.8  Overweight 423 36.5 153 30.4 4 22.2  Obese class I 247 21.3 101 20.1 6

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Karolien Van De Maele, Jean De Schepper, Jesse Vanbesien, Monique Van Helvoirt, Ann De Guchtenaere and Inge Gies

Flemish Growth charts ( 20 ): overweight is a BMI SDS between 1.3 and 2.3, stage 1 obesity is a BMI SDS between 2.3 and 3.0, stage 2 obesity is a BMI SDS between 3.0 and 3.5 and stage 3 obesity is a BMI SDS above 3.5. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a

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Sweta Budyal, Swati Sachin Jadhav, Rajeev Kasaliwal, Hiren Patt, Shruti Khare, Vyankatesh Shivane, Anurag R Lila, Tushar Bandgar and Nalini S Shah

1807-59322010000100003 ). 6 Baid SK Rubino D Sinaii N Ramsey S Frank A Nieman LK . Specificity of screening tests for Cushing's syndrome in an overweight and obese population . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2009 94