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Yuan Fang, Xuehong Zhang, Huilin Xu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Dongli Xu, Hong Fang and Wang Hong Xu

), Rectal (C19–C20), Liver (C22), Pancreas (C25), Trachea/bronchus and lung (C33–C34), Prostate (C61), Breast (C50), Corpus uteri (C53) and Thyroid (C73). The record linkage was conducted in April 2017. This study was approved by the Institutional Review

Open access

Jingya Zhou, Meng Zhang, Lin Lu, Xiaopeng Guo, Lu Gao, Weigang Yan, Haiyu Pang, Yi Wang and Bing Xing

are described in a previous study conducted at our hospital ( 15 ). Re-adjudication of cases based on medical record review Electronic and paper medical records were used for review by authors, who included neurosurgeons, endocrinologists and a

Open access

Giorgio Grani, Livia Lamartina, Vito Cantisani, Marianna Maranghi, Piernatale Lucia and Cosimo Durante

natural history of benign thyroid nodules. The original study, which has been described in detail elsewhere, ( 14 , 15 ) was conducted with Institutional Review Board (Sapienza University of Rome Ethics Committee) approval and the written informed consent

Open access

Frederique Van de Velde, Marlies Bekaert, Anja Geerts, Anne Hoorens, Arsène-Hélène Batens, Samyah Shadid, Margriet Ouwens, Yves Van Nieuwenhove and Bruno Lapauw

Review Board of the Ghent University Hospital and conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. Anthropometrics and general characteristics For all subjects standing height was measured to the nearest 0.1 cm using a wall

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Lauren E Henke, John D Pfeifer, Thomas J Baranski, Todd DeWees and Perry W Grigsby

-institutional databases without pathology review to evaluate whether patients included had invasive FV-PTC by the new criteria, and thus, their results could be skewed to show falsely favorable outcomes in FV-PTC patients ( 10 , 13 , 15 ). Given these considerations, a

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Elisabet Einarsdottir, Minna Pekkinen, Kaarel Krjutškov, Shintaro Katayama, Juha Kere, Outi Mäkitie and Heli Viljakainen

vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is found in over 40 tissues ( 10 ) and modulates the expression of a large number of genes ( 11 ). Previous studies have mainly focused on the actions of vitamin D in specific cell lines as reviewed by Bouillon & colleagues

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Alessandra Gambineri and Carla Pelusi

sexes, as supported by the data of the prevalence patterns of T2DM across regions which resemble those of obesity ( 2 ). This review focuses on the link between sex hormones and T2DM through the impact that a sex hormone imbalance has on metabolic

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Agnieszka Bogusz, Svenja Boekhoff, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Gabriele Calaminus, Maria Eveslage and Hermann L Müller

supervised multicenter data collecting and reviewed/edited the manuscript. M W-M performed neuroradiological reference assessments, participated in data analyses and reviewed/edited the manuscript. G C performed PEDQOL data analyses on QoL, participated in

Open access

P R van Dijk, S J J Logtenberg, K H Groenier, N Kleefstra, H J G Bilo and H J Arnqvist

-for-profit sector. Author contributions P v D was responsible for study design and drafting and reviewing the manuscript and carried out the statistical analyses; S L was responsible for study design, inclusion, and drafting and reviewing the manuscript; N K and H B

Open access

Nicolás Crisosto, Bárbara Echiburú, Manuel Maliqueo, Marta Luchsinger, Pedro Rojas, Sergio Recabarren and Teresa Sir-Petermann

were determined in the fasting sample. Basal serum SHBG and testosterone were used to calculate the FAI as the ratio of serum testosterone/SHBG ×100. The protocol was approved by the institutional review board of the University of Chile. All parents