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Pablo Abellán-Galiana, Carmen Fajardo-Montañana, Pedro Riesgo-Suárez, Marcelino Pérez-Bermejo, Celia Ríos-Pérez and José Gómez-Vela

long-term prognosis. The literature describes that reaching an undetectable ACTH nadir concentration, together with a cortisol level of <2 µg/dL (55.2 nmol/L), is associated to a greater probability of long-term remission ( 33 ). On reviewing the ACTH

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Giorgio Grani, Livia Lamartina, Vito Cantisani, Marianna Maranghi, Piernatale Lucia and Cosimo Durante

natural history of benign thyroid nodules. The original study, which has been described in detail elsewhere, ( 14 , 15 ) was conducted with Institutional Review Board (Sapienza University of Rome Ethics Committee) approval and the written informed consent

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Elisabet Einarsdottir, Minna Pekkinen, Kaarel Krjutškov, Shintaro Katayama, Juha Kere, Outi Mäkitie and Heli Viljakainen

vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is found in over 40 tissues ( 10 ) and modulates the expression of a large number of genes ( 11 ). Previous studies have mainly focused on the actions of vitamin D in specific cell lines as reviewed by Bouillon & colleagues

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Agnieszka Bogusz, Svenja Boekhoff, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Gabriele Calaminus, Maria Eveslage and Hermann L Müller

supervised multicenter data collecting and reviewed/edited the manuscript. M W-M performed neuroradiological reference assessments, participated in data analyses and reviewed/edited the manuscript. G C performed PEDQOL data analyses on QoL, participated in

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Alessandra Gambineri and Carla Pelusi

sexes, as supported by the data of the prevalence patterns of T2DM across regions which resemble those of obesity ( 2 ). This review focuses on the link between sex hormones and T2DM through the impact that a sex hormone imbalance has on metabolic

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P R van Dijk, S J J Logtenberg, K H Groenier, N Kleefstra, H J G Bilo and H J Arnqvist

-for-profit sector. Author contributions P v D was responsible for study design and drafting and reviewing the manuscript and carried out the statistical analyses; S L was responsible for study design, inclusion, and drafting and reviewing the manuscript; N K and H B

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Andrew R Dismukes, Vanessa J Meyer, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Katherine P Theall, Kyle C Esteves and Stacy S Drury

diurnal variables. This study was approved by the Tulane Institutional Review Board. Measures Caregivers provided information during an interview with trained research assistants about multiple levels of the child’s life and social ecology

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Alberto Bongiovanni, Federica Recine, Flavia Foca, Valentina Fausti, Nada Riva, Greta Fabbri, Stefano Severi, Chiara Liverani, Alessandro De Vita, Chiara Spadazzi, Giacomo Miserocchi, Laura Mercatali, Dino Amadori and Toni Ibrahim

Foca performed the statistical analyses. Alberto Bongiovanni, Federica Recine and Toni Ibrahim drafted the manuscript. Dino Amadori and Toni Ibrahim critically reviewed the manuscript for important intellectual content. All authors read and approved the

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Meena Asmar, Ali Asmar, Lene Simonsen, Flemming Dela, Jens Juul Holst and Jens Bülow

the studies, collected and analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript. A A recruited the subjects, supervised the studies, collected and analyzed the data and reviewed and edited the manuscript. L S supervised the studies, reviewed and edited the

Open access

Yang Lv, Ning Pu, Wei-lin Mao, Wen-qi Chen, Huan-yu Wang, Xu Han, Yuan Ji, Lei Zhang, Da-yong Jin, Wen-Hui Lou and Xue-feng Xu

Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University in China. Patients who had previous or concomitant history of other malignant tumor or documented hereditary syndromes like multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) were excluded. Institutional review board approval