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Gavin P Vinson and Caroline H Brennan

Introduction The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the critical role of the adrenal cortex in addiction and additionally to propose that sex differences in adrenocortical function may contribute to sex differences in addiction. Where it is

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Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

aim of this article is to explore and review current evidence that associates PCOS with cardiometabolic abnormalities and possibly an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, obesity and sleep disturbances

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Elizabeth Micks, Greta B Raglan and Jay Schulkin

formed from caproic acid, is the major progestin used today to prevent recurrent preterm birth among women with a prior preterm delivery (38, 42) . Several reviews and meta-analyses have summarized the clinical trials evaluating progesterone for the

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Logan Mills, Panagiotis Drymousis, Yogesh Vashist, Christoph Burdelski, Andreas Prachalias, Parthi Srinivasan, Krishna Menon, Corina Cotoi, Saboor Khan, Judith Cave, Thomas Armstrong, Martin O Weickert, Jakob Izbicki, Joerg Schrader, Andreja Frilling, John K Ramage and Raj Srirajaskanthan

Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) guidelines that state ‘A conservative approach seems to be safe as the majority of the observed tumours did not show any significant changes during follow-up’ ( 1 ). A recent systematic review ( 2 ) of studies including a

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M A Webb, H Mani, S J Robertson, H L Waller, D R Webb, C L Edwardson, D H Bodicoat, T Yates, K Khunti and M J Davies

) reduces systemic inflammation have not been fully elucidated. One proposed mechanism suggests that PA reduces visceral fat levels which in turn causes a reduction in the release of adipokines such as IL6 (reviewed by ( 28 )). There is also some evidence

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Aline Stangherlin Martins, Ann Kristine Jansen, Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues, Camila Maria Matos, Marcio Leandro Ribeiro Souza, Juliana Ferreira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Leonardo Mauricio Diniz, Nilton Alves de Rezende and Vincent Michael Riccardi

to 1997 and found that 658 deaths (17.4%) were related to vascular disease (VD), whereas only 64 (1.7%) were related to type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Similarly, Masocco et al . (8) reviewed the death certificates of 632 individuals with

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Greta B Raglan, Louis A Schmidt and Jay Schulkin

lower glucocorticoid levels in patients with PTSD Meewisse et al . (2007) ( 52 ) Review showing low glucocorticoid levels in adults with PTSD Yehuda et al . (2007) ( 53 ) Shows that offspring of individuals with PTSD are also at

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Maxime Duval, Kalyane Bach-Ngohou, Damien Masson, Camille Guimard, Philippe Le Conte and David Trewick

were reviewed, and relevant clinical and biological data were collected. The primary endpoint was the number of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias and/or neurological complications during the stay in the ED. A life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia was

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Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas and Manfredi Rizzo

. Recurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review . Diabetes Care 2007 30 1314 – 1319 . ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dbib6-2517 ) 10.2337/dc06-2517 17290037 3 Gunderson EP Jacobs DR Jr Chiang V Lewis CE Feng J Quesenberry CP

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Zhou-Qing Kang, Jia-Ling Huo and Xiao-Jie Zhai

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) ( 30 ). The review was previously registered at the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO, http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/ , registration number