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S Westra, Y H M Krul-Poel, H J van Wijland, M M ter Wee, F Stam, P Lips, F Pouwer and S Simsek

.90; 95% CI: −17.16 to −0.65) as clinically not relevant ( 27 ). Other studies exploring the effect of vitamin D on HRQOL in people with diabetes are scarce. A recent systematic review from Hoffmann and coworkers ( 28 ), categorised fifteen articles (of

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Kunal Thakkar, Swati Ramteke-Jadhav, Rajeev Kasaliwal, Saba Samad Memon, Virendra Patil, Puja Thadani, Nilesh Lomte, Shilpa Sankhe, Atul Goel, Sridhar Epari, Naina Goel, Anurag Lila, Nalini S Shah and Tushar Bandgar

asymptomatic or present with features of mass effect. Rupture of a dermoid cyst is a rare but well-described phenomenon. In an extensive review, El-Bahy et al . described a series of 51 patients with ruptured intracranial dermoid cysts comprising two patients

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A H Ludwig-Slomczynska, S Borys, M T Seweryn, J Hohendorff, P Kapusta, B Kiec-Wilk, E Pitera, P P Wolkow and M T Malecki

vacuum generator. NPWT causes tissue deformations facilitating wound borders closure. It stimulates a wound healing cascade that includes exudate removal, reduction of edema, neoangiogenesis, and granulation promotion (reviewed in ( 6 )). Its mechanism of

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Gavin P Vinson and Caroline H Brennan

Introduction The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the critical role of the adrenal cortex in addiction and additionally to propose that sex differences in adrenocortical function may contribute to sex differences in addiction. Where it is

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Elizabeth Micks, Greta B Raglan and Jay Schulkin

formed from caproic acid, is the major progestin used today to prevent recurrent preterm birth among women with a prior preterm delivery (38, 42) . Several reviews and meta-analyses have summarized the clinical trials evaluating progesterone for the

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Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

aim of this article is to explore and review current evidence that associates PCOS with cardiometabolic abnormalities and possibly an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, obesity and sleep disturbances

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Logan Mills, Panagiotis Drymousis, Yogesh Vashist, Christoph Burdelski, Andreas Prachalias, Parthi Srinivasan, Krishna Menon, Corina Cotoi, Saboor Khan, Judith Cave, Thomas Armstrong, Martin O Weickert, Jakob Izbicki, Joerg Schrader, Andreja Frilling, John K Ramage and Raj Srirajaskanthan

Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) guidelines that state ‘A conservative approach seems to be safe as the majority of the observed tumours did not show any significant changes during follow-up’ ( 1 ). A recent systematic review ( 2 ) of studies including a

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M A Webb, H Mani, S J Robertson, H L Waller, D R Webb, C L Edwardson, D H Bodicoat, T Yates, K Khunti and M J Davies

) reduces systemic inflammation have not been fully elucidated. One proposed mechanism suggests that PA reduces visceral fat levels which in turn causes a reduction in the release of adipokines such as IL6 (reviewed by ( 28 )). There is also some evidence

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Maxime Duval, Kalyane Bach-Ngohou, Damien Masson, Camille Guimard, Philippe Le Conte and David Trewick

were reviewed, and relevant clinical and biological data were collected. The primary endpoint was the number of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias and/or neurological complications during the stay in the ED. A life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia was

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Aline Stangherlin Martins, Ann Kristine Jansen, Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues, Camila Maria Matos, Marcio Leandro Ribeiro Souza, Juliana Ferreira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Leonardo Mauricio Diniz, Nilton Alves de Rezende and Vincent Michael Riccardi

to 1997 and found that 658 deaths (17.4%) were related to vascular disease (VD), whereas only 64 (1.7%) were related to type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Similarly, Masocco et al . (8) reviewed the death certificates of 632 individuals with