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C L Bodinham, L Smith, E L Thomas, J D Bell, J R Swann, A Costabile, D Russell-Jones, A M Umpleby and M D Robertson

. This was highlighted in a scientific advisory committee (SACN) statement on nutrition that stated, although cereal fiber intake has been associated with a reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and metabolic risk factors such as insulin resistance

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Maria Lola Evia-Viscarra, Edel Rafael Rodea-Montero, Evelia Apolinar-Jiménez and Silvia Quintana-Vargas

accelerate the development of early atherosclerosis beginning in childhood (10) . In both children and adults with obesity and MS, insulin resistance (IR) and chronic inflammation appear to be responsible for the changes that induce complications or

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Ermina Bach, Niels Møller, Jens Otto L Jørgensen, Mads Buhl and Holger Jon Møller

in sCD163 are seen in conditions of low-grade inflammation, such as obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) ( 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 ), but it is not known if these changes are directly linked to low-grade endotoxinemia or they

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Wang Chengji and Fan Xianjin

Introduction Smoking ( 1 ), low physical activity ( 2 ), obesity, insulin resistance and hyperglycemia ( 3 ) are independently associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Insulin resistance is affected by metabolic risk factors

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Vittorio Unfer, Fabio Facchinetti, Beatrice Orrù, Barbara Giordani and John Nestler

) 17035995 10.1038/nature05185 3 Paul C Laganà AS Maniglio P Triolo O Brady DM. Inositol’s and other nutraceuticals’ synergistic actions counteract insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian syndrome and metabolic syndrome: state

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Janaína Felix Braga, Daniela Ravizzoni Dartora, Natalia Alenina, Michael Bader and Robson Augusto Souza Santos

. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin insufficiency due to either decreased insulin release or end organ insulin resistance. Among the major existing categories of diabetes, type I (T1DM) usually occurs in children and young adults and is

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Kim K B Clemmensen, Jonas S Quist, Dorte Vistisen, Daniel R Witte, Anna Jonsson, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens J Holst, Torsten Lauritzen, Marit E Jørgensen, Signe Torekov and Kristine Færch

.9% among in-patients, suggesting that the effect of weekend behavior is likely to be attenuated when hospitalized ( 14 ). In a study of 807 Danish children with up to three different visit days, a marker of insulin resistance in the fasting state was found

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Hugo R Ramos, Andreas L Birkenfeld and Adolfo J de Bold

bodyweight as well as with insulin resistance and T2D (19, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78) ( Table 1 ). This correlation can also be observed in patients with congestive heart failure, despite increased cNP levels, due to cardiac wall stress (79) . Several

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Helga Schultz, Svend Aage Engelholm, Eva Harder, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard and Peter Lommer Kristensen

(MSCC) and brain tumours. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a well-known metabolic side effect from treatment with glucocorticoids. The diabetogenic effect is mainly a result of insulin resistance in muscle and fatty tissue, increased production of glucose from

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Aneta Gawlik, Michael Shmoish, Michaela F Hartmann, Stefan A Wudy, Zbigniew Olczak, Katarzyna Gruszczynska and Ze’ev Hochberg

.5) were calculated as indices of insulin resistance. Cortisol was measured in the morning (08:00 h) and midnight using chemiluminescent immunoassay by Immulite 2000 analyzer (DPC, USA). Serum concentrations of fT4 and TSH were measured with a