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Alexis Sudlow, Carel W le Roux and Dimitri J Pournaras

K Banel D Jensen MD Pories WJ Bantle JP Sledge I . Weight and type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis . American Journal of Medicine 2009 248.e5 – 256.e5 . ( https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2008

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Yongli Fu, Yaowu Sun, Jiankun Zhang and Yu Cheng

existing uncertain evidence regarding this issue using the systematic review and meta-analysis of all published literature. Methods Literature search We performed the meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews

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Agnès Linglart, Martin Biosse-Duplan, Karine Briot, Catherine Chaussain, Laure Esterle, Séverine Guillaume-Czitrom, Peter Kamenicky, Jerome Nevoux, Dominique Prié, Anya Rothenbuhler, Philippe Wicart and Pol Harvengt

adolescence. Causes of phosphate wasting are mostly due to genetic defects in factors necessary for phosphate handling; for a review read (1) . They have been summarized in Table 1 . In this review, we will consider two different types of phosphate wasting

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Jes Sloth Mathiesen, Jens Peter Kroustrup, Peter Vestergaard, Kirstine Stochholm, Per Løgstrup Poulsen, Åse Krogh Rasmussen, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Sten Schytte, Stefano Christian Londero, Henrik Baymler Pedersen, Christoffer Holst Hahn, Bjarki Ditlev Djurhuus, Jens Bentzen, Sören Möller, Mette Gaustadnes, Maria Rossing, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Kim Brixen, Anja Lisbeth Frederiksen, Christian Godballe and the Danish Thyroid Cancer Group (DATHYRCA)

One patient RET tested subsequent to the end date of the RET cohort in December 31, 2014. To classify the 207 molecularly unclassified MTC patients, several sources were used. First, a review of available medical records ( n  = 149) was

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Satoshi Higuchi, Hideki Ota, Takuya Ueda, Yuta Tezuka, Kei Omata, Yoshikiyo Ono, Ryo Morimoto, Masataka Kudo, Fumitoshi Satoh and Kei Takase

. Cardiovascular manifestations of pheochromocytoma . Cardiology in Review 2017 25 215 – 222 . ( https://doi.org/10.1097/CRD.0000000000000141 ) 10.1097/CRD.0000000000000141 28786897 4 Yu R Nissen NN Bannykh SI . Cardiac complications as initial

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K G Samsom, L M van Veenendaal, G D Valk, M R Vriens, M E T Tesselaar and J G van den Berg

genomic landscape of SI-NETs remains poorly elucidated and biomarkers have not yet been identified. Moreover, the genetic constitution of SI-NETs has been shown to differ compared to pancreatic NETs ( 11 ). With this review we aim to provide the clinician

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Zeming Liu, Di Hu, Yihui Huang, Sichao Chen, Wen Zeng, Ling Zhou, Wei Zhou, Min Wang, Haifeng Feng, Wei Wei, Chao Zhang, Danyang Chen and Liang Guo

undertook the research, Y H H, S C C and W Z performed the analyses, Z M L and D H wrote the main manuscript text and prepared figures. All authors reviewed the manuscript. References 1 Pacini F Schlumberger M Dralle H Elisei R Smit JW Wiersinga W

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Benjamin G Challis, Andrew S Powlson, Ruth T Casey, Carla Pearson, Brian Y Lam, Marcella Ma, Deborah Pitfield, Giles S H Yeo, Edmund Godfrey, Heok K Cheow, V Krishna Chatterjee, Nicholas R Carroll, Ashley Shaw, John R Buscombe and Helen L Simpson

involved in tumour development and autonomous insulin secretion. Patients and methods Study population We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients presenting to our institution between 2003 and 2016 with a diagnosis of

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Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

Adipose tissue secretes a variety of active biological substances, called adipocytokines, that act in an autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine manner. They have roles in appetite control, thermogenesis, and thyroid and reproductive functions. All these molecules may lead to local and generalized inflammation, mediating obesity-associated vascular disorders including hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, and insulin resistance. Thyroid dysfunction is associated with changes in body weight, thermogenesis, and energy expenditure. The connections between cardiovascular risk factors such as dyslipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and thyroid dysfunction have been reported in several studies. The adipocytokines serve as causative or protective factors in the development of these disorders in the states of thyroid dysfunction. Abnormal levels of adipocytokines (adiponectin (ADP), leptin, resistin, vaspin, and visfatin) in hypo- and hyperthyroidism have been reported with controversial results. This review aims to update the implication of novel adipokines ADP, vaspin, and visfatin in thyroid dysfunction.

Open access

Willem de Ronde and Diederik L Smit

This review summarizes ten years experience with male abusers of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). The typical user of AAS is male, aged between 20 and 40 and lifting weights. Illegal AAS are cheap and easily obtained via internet or local suppliers. AAS are mostly used in cycles with a duration between 6 and 18 weeks. Most AAS cycles contain multiple agents, used simultaneously in a dose vastly exceeding a substitution dose. A variety of other performance and image-enhancing drugs are commonly used, including human growth hormone, thyroid hormone, tamoxifen, clomiphene citrate and human chorionic gonadotrophin. Short term clinical and biochemical side effects are well established. Long term side effects are uncertain, but may include heart failure, mood-and anxiety disorders, hypogonadism and subfertility. We share our views on the management of common health problems associated with AAS abuse.