Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 160 items for

  • Abstract: Mineral x
  • Abstract: Hypoparathyroidism x
  • Abstract: Menopause x
  • Abstract: Osteo* x
  • Abstract: Skeleton x
  • Abstract: Vitamin D x
Clear All Modify Search
Stefan Pilz Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Stefan Pilz in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Armin Zittermann Clinic for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW, Ruhr University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany

Search for other papers by Armin Zittermann in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Christian Trummer Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Christian Trummer in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Verena Theiler-Schwetz Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Verena Theiler-Schwetz in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Elisabeth Lerchbaum Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Elisabeth Lerchbaum in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Martin H Keppel University Institute for Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria

Search for other papers by Martin H Keppel in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Martin R Grübler Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Search for other papers by Martin R Grübler in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Winfried März Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
Medical Clinic V (Nephrology, Hypertensiology, Rheumatology, Endocrinology, Diabetology), Medical Faculty Mannheim, Ruperto-Carola University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Synlab Medical Center of Human Genetics Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany

Search for other papers by Winfried März in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Marlene Pandis Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Marlene Pandis in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Vitamin D testing and treatment is a subject of controversial scientific discussions, and it is challenging to navigate through the expanding vitamin D literature with heterogeneous and partially opposed opinions and recommendations. In this narrative review, we aim to provide an update on vitamin D guidelines and the current evidence on the role of vitamin D for human health with its subsequent implications for patient care and public health issues. Vitamin D is critical for bone and mineral metabolism, and it is established that vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets and osteomalacia. While many guidelines recommend target serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations of ≥50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL), the minimum consensus in the scientific community is that serum 25(OH)D concentrations below 25–30 nmol/L (10–12 ng/mL) must be prevented and treated. Using this latter threshold of serum 25(OH)D concentrations, it has been documented that there is a high worldwide prevalence of vitamin D deficiency that may require public health actions such as vitamin D food fortification. On the other hand, there is also reason for concern that an exploding rate of vitamin D testing and supplementation increases costs and might potentially be harmful. In the scientific debate on vitamin D, we should consider that nutrient trials differ from drug trials and that apart from the opposed positions regarding indications for vitamin D treatment we still have to better characterize the precise role of vitamin D for human health.

Open access
Marcela Moraes Mendes Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Life Sciences, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK

Search for other papers by Marcela Moraes Mendes in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Patricia Borges Botelho Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil

Search for other papers by Patricia Borges Botelho in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Helena Ribeiro Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Search for other papers by Helena Ribeiro in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Vitamin D enhances calcium absorption and bone mineralisation, promotes maintenance of muscle function, and is crucial for musculoskeletal health. Low vitamin D status triggers secondary hyperparathyroidism, increases bone loss, and leads to muscle weakness. The primary physiologic function of vitamin D and its metabolites is maintaining calcium homeostasis for metabolic functioning, signal transduction, and neuromuscular activity. A considerable amount of human evidence supports the well-recognised contribution of adequate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations for bone homeostasis maintenance and prevention and treatment strategies for osteoporosis when combined with adequate calcium intake. This paper aimed to review the literature published, mainly in the last 20 years, on the effect of vitamin D and its supplementation for musculoskeletal health in order to identify the aspects that remain unclear or controversial and therefore require further investigation and debate. There is a clear need for consistent data to establish realistic and meaningful recommendations of vitamin D status that consider different population groups and locations. Moreover, there is still a lack of consensus on thresholds for vitamin D deficiency and optimal status as well as toxicity, optimal intake of vitamin D, vitamin D supplement alone as a strategy to prevent fractures and falls, recommended sun exposure at different latitudes and for different skin pigmentations, and the extra skeletal effects of vitamin D.

Open access
Gabriella Oliveira Lima Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Gabriella Oliveira Lima in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Alex Luiz Menezes da Silva Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Alex Luiz Menezes da Silva in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Julianne Elba Cunha Azevedo Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Julianne Elba Cunha Azevedo in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Chirlene Pinheiro Nascimento Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Chirlene Pinheiro Nascimento in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Luana Rodrigues Vieira Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Luana Rodrigues Vieira in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Akira Otake Hamoy Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Akira Otake Hamoy in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Luan Oliveira Ferreira Laboratory of Experimental Neuropathology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Luan Oliveira Ferreira in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Verônica Regina Lobato Oliveira Bahia Multidisciplinary Laboratory of Animal Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Verônica Regina Lobato Oliveira Bahia in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Nilton Akio Muto Amazon Bioactive Compounds Valorization Center, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Nilton Akio Muto in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Dielly Catrina Favacho Lopes Laboratory of Experimental Neuropathology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Dielly Catrina Favacho Lopes in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Moisés Hamoy Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology of Natural Products, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Search for other papers by Moisés Hamoy in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Low plasma levels of vitamin D causes bone mineral change that can precipitate osteopenia and osteoporosis and could aggravate autoimmune diseases, hypertension and diabetes. The demand for vitamin D supplementation becomes necessary; however, the consumption of vitamin D is not without risks, which its toxicity could have potentially serious consequences related to hypervitaminosis D, such as hypercalcemia and cerebral alterations. Thus, the present study describes the electroencephalographic changes caused by supraphysiological doses of vitamin D in the brain electrical dynamics and the electrocardiographic changes. After 4 days of treatment with vitamin D at a dose of 25,000 IU/kg, the serum calcium levels found were increased in comparison with the control group. The electrocorticogram analysis found a reduction in wave activity in the delta, theta, alpha and beta frequency bands. For ECG was observed changes with shortened QT follow-up, which could be related to serum calcium concentration. This study presented important evidence about the cerebral and cardiac alterations caused by high doses of vitamin D, indicating valuable parameters in the screening and decision-making process for diagnosing patients with symptoms suggestive of intoxication.

Open access
Barbara J Boucher The Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

Search for other papers by Barbara J Boucher in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

High vitamin D deficiency rates, with rickets and osteomalacia, have been common in South Asians (SAs) arriving in Britain since the 1950s with preventable infant deaths from hypocalcaemic status-epilepticus and cardiomyopathy. Vitamin D deficiency increases common SA disorders (type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease), recent trials and non-linear Mendelian randomisation studies having shown deficiency to be causal for both disorders. Ethnic minority, obesity, diabetes and social deprivation are recognised COVID-19 risk factors, but vitamin D deficiency is not, despite convincing mechanistic evidence of it. Adjusting analyses for obesity/ethnicity abolishes vitamin D deficiency in COVID-19 risk prediction, but both factors lower serum 25(OH)D specifically. Social deprivation inadequately explains increased ethnic minority COVID-19 risks. SA vitamin D deficiency remains uncorrected after 70 years, official bodies using ‘education’, ‘assimilation’ and ‘diet’ as ‘proxies’ for ethnic differences and increasing pressures to assimilate. Meanwhile, English rickets was abolished from ~1940 by free ‘welfare foods’ (meat, milk, eggs, cod liver oil), for all pregnant/nursing mothers and young children (<5 years old). Cod liver oil was withdrawn from antenatal clinics in 1994 (for excessive vitamin A teratogenicity), without alternative provision. The take-up of the 2006 ‘Healthy-Start’ scheme of food-vouchers for low-income families with young children (<3 years old) has been poor, being inaccessible and poorly publicised. COVID-19 pandemic advice for UK adults in ‘lockdown’ was ‘400 IU vitamin D/day’, inadequate for correcting the deficiency seen winter/summer at 17.5%/5.9% in White, 38.5%/30% in Black and 57.2%/50.8% in SA people in representative UK Biobank subjects when recruited ~14 years ago and remaining similar in 2018. Vitamin D inadequacy worsens many non-skeletal health risks. Not providing vitamin D for preventing SA rickets and osteomalacia continues to be unacceptable, as deficiency-related health risks increase ethnic health disparities, while abolishing vitamin D deficiency would be easier and more cost-effective than correcting any other factor worsening ethnic minority health in Britain.

Open access
Haojie Zhang Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Haojie Zhang in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Yuke Cui Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Yuke Cui in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ruihua Dong Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Ruihua Dong in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Wen Zhang Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Wen Zhang in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Shihan Chen Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Shihan Chen in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Heng Wan Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Heng Wan in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Chi Chen Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Chi Chen in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Yi Chen Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Yi Chen in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Yuying Wang Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Yuying Wang in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Chunfang Zhu Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Chunfang Zhu in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Bo Chen Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Bo Chen in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ningjian Wang Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Ningjian Wang in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Yingli Lu Institute and Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Search for other papers by Yingli Lu in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Background

Bone is thought to be the reservoir of the human lead burden, and vitamin D is associated with bone turnover. We aimed to explore whether exposure to lower 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels was associated with higher blood lead levels (BLLs) by increasing the bone turnover rate in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

A total of 4103 type 2 diabetic men and postmenopausal women in Shanghai, China, were enrolled in 2018. Their 25(OH)D, β-C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX), N-MID osteocalcin and procollagen type 1 N-peptide (P1NP) levels were detected. Their BLLs were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. Mediation analyses were performed to identify the possible role that bone turnover played in the underlying mechanisms.

Results

In both the men and postmenopausal women, all three bone turnover markers were inversely associated with 25(OH)D and positively associated with the BLL (all P < 0.01) after adjusting for age, current smoking habits, metabolic parameters, duration of diabetes, vitamin D intake, and use of anti-osteoporosis medication. In the mediation analyses, none of the direct associations between 25(OH)D and BLL was significant for the three bone turnover markers, but all three bone turnover markers were found to be significant mediators of the indirect associations between 25(OH)D and BLL.

Conclusion

The association between vitamin D and BLL was fully mediated by bone turnover markers in type 2 diabetic patients (mediation effect). This finding suggested that vitamin D may protect against blood lead exposure from the bone reservoir by decreasing bone turnover in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Open access
Karoline Winckler Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Karoline Winckler in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Lise Tarnow Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology
Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology
Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Lise Tarnow in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Louise Lundby-Christensen Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology
Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Louise Lundby-Christensen in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Thomas P Almdal Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology
Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Thomas P Almdal in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Niels Wiinberg Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Niels Wiinberg in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Pia Eiken Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology
Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Pia Eiken in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Trine W Boesgaard Department of Cardiology, Department of Research, Institute of Clinical Studies, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Endocrinology

Search for other papers by Trine W Boesgaard in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
the CIMT trial group
Search for other papers by the CIMT trial group in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Despite aggressive treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) still have increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The primary aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between total (25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D)) and risk of CVD in patients with T2D. Secondary objective was to examine the association between 25(OH)D and bone health. A Danish cohort of patients with T2D participating in a randomised clinical trial were analysed. In total 415 patients (68% men, age 60±9 years (mean±s.d.), duration of diabetes 12±6 years), including 294 patients (71%) treated with insulin. Carotid intima–media thickness (IMT) and arterial stiffness (carotid artery distensibility coefficient (DC) and Young's elastic modulus (YEM)) were measured by ultrasound scan as indicators of CVD. Bone health was assessed by bone mineral density and trabecular bone score measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. In this cohort, 214 patients (52%) were vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D <50 nmol/l). Carotid IMT was 0.793±0.137 mm, DC was 0.0030±0.001 mmHg, YEM was 2354±1038 mmHg and 13 (3%) of the patients were diagnosed with osteoporosis. A 25(OH)D level was not associated with carotid IMT or arterial stiffness (P>0.3) or bone health (P>0.6) after adjustment for CVD risk factors. In conclusion, 25(OH)D status was not associated with carotid IMT, arterial stiffness or bone health in this cohort of patients with T2D. To explore these associations and the association with other biomarkers further, multicentre studies with large numbers of patients are required.

Open access
Agnès Linglart Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Agnès Linglart in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Martin Biosse-Duplan Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Martin Biosse-Duplan in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Karine Briot Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Karine Briot in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Catherine Chaussain Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Catherine Chaussain in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Laure Esterle Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Laure Esterle in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Séverine Guillaume-Czitrom Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Séverine Guillaume-Czitrom in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Peter Kamenicky Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Peter Kamenicky in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Jerome Nevoux Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Jerome Nevoux in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Dominique Prié Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Dominique Prié in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Anya Rothenbuhler Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Anya Rothenbuhler in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Philippe Wicart Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Philippe Wicart in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Pol Harvengt Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie de l'Enfant, Service de Pédiatrie générale – Consultation de rhumatologie, Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-maxillo-faciale, Université Paris 11, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Métabolisme du Calcium et du Phosphore, Service d'Odontologie-Maladies Rares Hôpital Bretonneau 2 rue Carpeaux, Université Paris Descartes 12 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Service Rhumatologie B Hôpital Cochin, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares des Maladies Auto-Inflammatoires Rares de l'Enfant, Service d'explorations fonctionnelles rénales, Service de Chirurgie infantile orthopédique, Association de patients RVRH-XLH, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France

Search for other papers by Pol Harvengt in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

In children, hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) is revealed by delayed walking, waddling gait, leg bowing, enlarged cartilages, bone pain, craniostenosis, spontaneous dental abscesses, and growth failure. If undiagnosed during childhood, patients with hypophosphatemia present with bone and/or joint pain, fractures, mineralization defects such as osteomalacia, entesopathy, severe dental anomalies, hearing loss, and fatigue. Healing rickets is the initial endpoint of treatment in children. Therapy aims at counteracting consequences of FGF23 excess, i.e. oral phosphorus supplementation with multiple daily intakes to compensate for renal phosphate wasting and active vitamin D analogs (alfacalcidol or calcitriol) to counter the 1,25-diOH-vitamin D deficiency. Corrective surgeries for residual leg bowing at the end of growth are occasionally performed. In absence of consensus regarding indications of the treatment in adults, it is generally accepted that medical treatment should be reinitiated (or maintained) in symptomatic patients to reduce pain, which may be due to bone microfractures and/or osteomalacia. In addition to the conventional treatment, optimal care of symptomatic patients requires pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of pain and joint stiffness, through appropriated rehabilitation. Much attention should be given to the dental and periodontal manifestations of HR. Besides vitamin D analogs and phosphate supplements that improve tooth mineralization, rigorous oral hygiene, active endodontic treatment of root abscesses and preventive protection of teeth surfaces are recommended. Current outcomes of this therapy are still not optimal, and therapies targeting the pathophysiology of the disease, i.e. FGF23 excess, are desirable. In this review, medical, dental, surgical, and contributions of various expertises to the treatment of HR are described, with an effort to highlight the importance of coordinated care.

Open access
Glenville Jones Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Search for other papers by Glenville Jones in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Vitamin D has many physiological functions including upregulation of intestinal calcium and phosphate absorption, mobilization of bone resorption, renal reabsorption of calcium as well as actions on a variety of pleiotropic functions. It is believed that many of the hormonal effects of vitamin D involve a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-vitamin D receptor-mediated transcriptional mechanism involving binding to the cellular chromatin and regulating hundreds of genes in many tissues. This comprehensive historical review provides a unique perspective of the many steps of the discovery of vitamin D and its deficiency disease, rickets, stretching from 1650 until the present. The overview is divided into four distinct historical phases which cover the major developments in the field and in the process highlighting the: (a) first recognition of rickets or vitamin D deficiency; (b) discovery of the nutritional factor, vitamin D and its chemical structure; (c) elucidation of vitamin D metabolites including the hormonal form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; (d) delineation of the vitamin D cellular machinery, functions and vitamin D-related diseases which focused on understanding the mechanism of action of vitamin D in its many target cells.

Open access
Christian Trummer Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Christian Trummer in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Stefan Pilz Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Stefan Pilz in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Verena Schwetz Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Verena Schwetz in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Elisabeth Lerchbaum Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Search for other papers by Elisabeth Lerchbaum in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Background

Accumulating evidence from animal and human studies suggests that vitamin D is involved in many functions of the reproductive system in both genders.

Aim

The aim of this review was to provide an overview on the effects of vitamin D on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women and androgen metabolism in men.

Methods

We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed for relevant English language publications published from January 2012 until September 2017.

Results and discussion

The vitamin D receptor and vitamin D-metabolizing enzymes are found in reproductive tissues of women and men. In women, vitamin D status has been associated with several features of PCOS. In detail, cross-sectional data suggest a regulatory role of vitamin D in PCOS-related aspects such as ovulatory dysfunction, insulin resistance as well as hyperandrogenism. Moreover, results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that vitamin D supplementation may be beneficial for metabolic, endocrine and fertility aspects in PCOS. In men, vitamin D status has been associated with androgen levels and hypogonadism. Further, there is some evidence for a favorable effect of vitamin D supplementation on testosterone concentrations, although others failed to show a significant effect on testosterone levels.

Conclusion

In summary, vitamin D deficiency is associated with adverse fertility outcomes including PCOS and hypogonadism, but the evidence is insufficient to establish causality. High-quality RCTs are needed to further evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in PCOS women as well as on androgen levels in men.

Open access
Nancy Martini Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Osteopatías y Metabolismo Mineral (LIOMM-UNLP-CICPBA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

Search for other papers by Nancy Martini in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Lucas Streckwall Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Osteopatías y Metabolismo Mineral (LIOMM-UNLP-CICPBA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

Search for other papers by Lucas Streckwall in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Antonio Desmond McCarthy Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Osteopatías y Metabolismo Mineral (LIOMM-UNLP-CICPBA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

Search for other papers by Antonio Desmond McCarthy in
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

In post-menopausal women, aged individuals, and patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic renal disease, bone mineral density (BMD) decreases while the vasculature accumulates arterial calcifications (ACs). AC can be found in the tunica intima and/or in the tunica media. Prospective studies have shown that patients with initially low BMD and/or the presence of fragility fractures have at follow-up a significantly increased risk for coronary and cerebrovascular events and for overall cardiovascular mortality. Similarly, patients presenting with abdominal aorta calcifications (an easily quantifiable marker of vascular pathology) show a significant decrease in the BMD (and an increase in the fragility) of bones irrigated by branches of the abdominal aorta, such as the hip and lumbar spine. AC induction is an ectopic tissue biomineralization process promoted by osteogenic transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells as well as by local and systemic secreted factors. In many cases, the same regulatory molecules modulate bone metabolism but in reverse. Investigation of animal and in vitro models has identified several potential mechanisms for this reciprocal bone–vascular regulation, such as vitamin K and D sufficiency, advanced glycation end-products–RAGE interaction, osteoprotegerin/RANKL/RANK, Fetuin A, oestrogen deficiency and phytooestrogen supplementation, microbiota and its relation to diet, among others. Complete elucidation of these potential mechanisms, as well as their clinical validation via controlled studies, will provide a basis for pharmacological intervention that could simultaneously promote bone and vascular health.

Open access