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Juliane Léger, Anne Fjellestad-Paulsen, Anne Bargiacchi, Catherine Doyen, Emmanuel Ecosse, Jean-Claude Carel, and Marie-France Le Heuzey


Growth failure is a difficult but key aspect of care in children with anorexia nervosa (AN). The effects of hGH therapy have not been studied. The aim was to investigate the effect of hGH treatment on height velocity (HV) in children with AN.


We carried out a retrospective observational study. Ten girls diagnosed with AN at 10.0 ± 1.9 years, with prolonged severe growth failure (HV < 2.5 cm/year for at least 18 months) at the age of 13.3 ± 1.1 years and delayed puberty after nutritional rehabilitation, were treated with hGH (0.040 mg/kg/day) from a bone age of 10.9 ± 1.7 years until they reached adult height. Height and HV were measured before treatment and at 12-month intervals during treatment.


Mean body mass index SDS remained unchanged, but HV increased significantly, from a median of 1.0 (0.7–2.1) to 7.1 (6.0–9.5) cm/year after one year (P < 0.002) and 5.6 (4.8–6.2) cm/year after two years of treatment. Height SDS increased from −2.2 ± 1.3 to −1.6 ± 1.3 after one year (P < 0.002) and −1.1 ± 1.5 after two years of GH treatment. Adult height (−0.1 ± 1.0 SDS) was close to target height after 3.6 ± 1.4 years of GH treatment. Serum IGF-I levels increased significantly during treatment (P < 0.01). The treatment was well tolerated.


This proof-of-concept study shows that hGH treatment is associated with significant improvements in linear growth in adolescents with AN and severe growth failure. A randomized placebo-controlled trial is required to determine the ultimate impact of GH treatment in patients with this severe, rare condition.

Open access

Enora Le Roux, Florence Menesguen, Isabelle Tejedor, Marc Popelier, Marine Halbron, Pauline Faucher, Sabine Malivoir, Graziella Pinto, Juliane Leger, Stephane Hatem, Michel Polak, Christine Poitou, and Philippe Touraine

Objective. The transition period between paediatric and adult medicine is associated with poor patient outcomes and important numbers of patients lost to follow up. Describe the cohort of patients in adult care who benefit from a new transition program based on case management approach.

Design. A longitudinal study was led since September 2016 in a French University Hospital.

Methods. Patients with any endocrine or metabolic disease diagnosed during childhood and transferred to adult care were included. The transition program includes 3 steps based on case management: liaising with paediatric services, personalising care pathways, liaising with structures outside hospital (General practitioner, educational and social sector).

Results. The cohort included 500 patients with malignant brain tumour (n=56 (11%)), obesity (n=55 (11%)), type 1 diabetes (n=54 (11%)), or other disease (n=335 (67%)). They were aged 19 in median at transfer, sex ratio: 0.5. At 21 months of follow-up in median, 439 (88%) have regular follow-up in or outside the hospital, 47 (9%) have irregular follow-up (absence at the last appointment or no appointment scheduled within the time recommended), 4 stopped care on the doctor's advice, 4 died, 3 moved, 3 refused care. The program involved 9,615 case management acts, 7% of patients required more than 50 acts. Patients who required most of support are usually affected by a neuro-cognitive disorder and have social issues.

Conclusions. The case manager addresses the complex needs of patients. With time, the cohort will provide unprecedented long-term results of patients with various conditions who went through transition.