Myeloid-related protein 14 (MRP14) is responsible for inflammatory reactions. However, the correlation between MRP14 and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is still not clear. In this study, we examined the status of MRP14 in thyroid tissues and sera of HT patients and explored the mechanism of IL-1β-mediated regulation of MRP14 expression, as well as the effects of MRP14 on pro-inflammatory chemokine secretion in thyroid follicular cells (TFCs), to elucidate the role of MRP14 in HT development. Our results showed dramatically increased MRP14 expression in thyroid tissues and sera from HT patients. In addition, IL-1β significantly promoted the expression of MRP14 in TFCs, which was mediated by activation of the MAPK/NF-κB signalling pathway. More importantly, IL-1β induced the secretion of the chemokines GRO-2, CXCL9 and CCL22, which was dependent on the regulation of MRP14 in TFCs. Therefore, these findings suggested that under pro-inflammatory conditions, TFCs secreted chemokines with the help of MRP14 regulation, which might suggest a potential pathological mechanism of lymphocyte infiltration into the thyroid gland in HT.
Aberrant MRP14 expression in thyroid follicular cells mediates chemokine secretion through the IL-1β/MAPK pathway in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Xuan Luo, Tingting Zheng, Chaoming Mao, Xin Dong, Xiao Mou, Chengcheng Xu, Qingyan Lu, Baocui Liu, Shengjun Wang, and Yichuan Xiao
Decreased β-catenin expression contributes to IFNγ-induced chemokine secretion and lymphocyte infiltration in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Fei Wu, Chaoming Mao, Xiao Mou, Chengcheng Xu, Tingting Zheng, Ling Bu, Xuan Luo, Qingyan Lu, and Xuefeng Wang
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is a very common organ-speciﬁc autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocyte infiltration and the destruction of thyroid follicular cells (TFCs), in which IFN-γ and chemokines play pivotal roles. Moreover, β-catenin has been implicated in the regulation of T cell infiltration. However, whether β-catenin is involved in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is unknown. Here, we examined β-catenin expression in thyroid tissues and investigated its role in the pathogenesis of HT. The results showed that β-catenin expression was markedly reduced in the thyroid tissues of HT patients; more importantly, IFN-γ treatment markedly reduced the expression of β-catenin and was accompanied by the secretion of chemokines such as CCL5, CXCL16, GRO-β, and GRO-γ in TFCs in vitro, which was attributed to GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway activation. Collectively, the decreased expression of β-catenin might contribute to IFNγ-induced chemokine secretion and lymphocyte infiltration in the development of HT.
Characteristics of cardiac arrhythmia and heart rate variability in Chinese patients with primary aldosteronism
Shuang Wan, Chengcheng Zheng, Tao Chen, Lu Tan, Jia Tang, Haoming Tian, and Yan Ren
We applied 24-h Holter monitoring to analyze the characteristics of arrhythmias and heart rate variability in Chinese patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and compared them with age-, sex-, and blood pressure-matched primary hypertension (PH) patients. A total of 216 PA patients and 261 PH patients were enrolled. The nonstudy data were balanced using propensity score matching (PSM), and the risk variables for developing arrhythmias were then analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Before PSM, the proportion of PA patients with combined atrial premature beats and prolonged QT interval was higher than the corresponding proportion in the PH group. After PSM, the PA group had a larger percentage of transient atrial tachycardia and frequent atrial premature beats, and it had higher heart rate variability metrics. The proportion of unilateral PA combined with multiple ventricular premature beats was higher than that of bilateral PA. Older age, grade 3 hypertension, and hypokalemia were independent risk factors for the emergence of arrhythmias in PA patients. PA patients suffer from a greater prevalence of arrhythmias than well-matched PH patients.