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Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas, and Manfredi Rizzo

development of gestational diabetes (GDM) cases ( 1 ). Epidemiological evidence has consistently shown that among mothers with prior history of GDM, 30–84% of them had GDM recurrence in subsequent pregnancies ( 2 ), 20–40% developed metabolic syndrome (MetS

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Elizabeth Micks, Greta B Raglan, and Jay Schulkin

these issues (6) . Reducing unmet need for family planning represents one of the most effective strategies for improving maternal health (7) , and progestogens remain one of the most promising avenues for contraceptive research and development. However

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Legh Wilkinson, Nicolette J D Verhoog, and Ann Louw

signalling, often resulting in various peripheral effects, one of which is the tissue-specific reductions in the glucocorticoid receptor α (GRα) functional pool. This reduction in the GRα functional pool may ultimately drive the development of acquired GC

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Yiqiong Ma, Zhaowei Chen, Yu Tao, Jili Zhu, Hongxia Yang, Wei Liang, and Guohua Ding

progression of DN ( 13 ). Our previous studies confirmed that high levels of glucose cause mitochondrial ROS production and increases the podocyte apoptosis rate ( 14 , 15 ). However, whether mitochondrial dynamics contribute to the development and

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Doron Weinstein, Rive Sarfstein, Zvi Laron, and Haim Werner

are effectively used in clinical settings (2, 4) . The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system has an important role in the normal growth and development of the prostate gland (5) . In addition to its physiological role, epidemiological, clinical

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Ram P Narayanan, Bo Fu, Adrian H Heald, Kirk W Siddals, Robert L Oliver, Julie E Hudson, Antony Payton, Simon G Anderson, Anne White, William E R Ollier, and J Martin Gibson

development and progression of diabetic kidney disease is influenced by a number of biological factors. Among these, the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family of proteins have been repeatedly implicated in the development of nephropathy and other

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Qi Che, Xirong Xiao, Jun Xu, Miao Liu, Yongning Lu, Suying Liu, and Xi Dong

-rabbit or anti-mouse secondary antibody (Cell Signaling Technology). The labeled proteins were detected by enhanced chemiluminescense. β-actin was used as an internal control. Development of an orthotopic endometrial carcinoma model in nude mice

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Jülide Durmuşoğlu, Henri J L M Timmers, Pepijn van Houten, Hans F Langenhuijsen, Ad R M M Hermus, and Annenienke C van de Ven

number of patients included. ACC patients were divided in two groups; patients with the development of postoperative VTE and patients without the development of postoperative VTE. Categorical data were compared with use of Fisher’s exact test. Continuous

Open access

Angelica Lindén Hirschberg

hypothalamic disturbance due to energy deficiency and PCOS. Differences/disorders of sex development A few women are born with rare conditions, referred to as differences/disorders of sex development (DSD), in which the development of chromosomal

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Kristian Almstrup, Hanne Frederiksen, Anna-Maria Andersson, and Anders Juul

sexual maturity can take place. The age at pubertal onset varies markedly both among healthy boys (9–14 years) and girls (8–13 years), and both early and late pubertal onset is related to a higher risk of disease development later in life ( 3 ). In girls