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Rajae Talbi and Victor M Navarro

. However, the mechanisms mediating the interaction between reproductive function and energy balance are still largely unexplored. This review provides a summary of the action of Kiss1 neurons in the bidirectional interaction between reproduction and

Open access

Sofia S Pereira, Mariana P Monteiro, Sonir R Antonini, and Duarte Pignatelli

treatment ( 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). In the following section, we will briefly review the regulation of apoptosis and then explore the abnormalities in apoptosis in ACC that have been reported to date. Caspases alterations There are two main apoptosis

Open access

Magdalene K Montgomery and Nigel Turner

, mitochondrial function (and mitochondrial dysfunction) plays an important role in metabolic health and cellular fate. Mitochondrial function can be defined in a number of different ways, but for the purpose of this review we have largely focussed on the role of

Open access

Maria Cristina De Martino, Richard A Feelders, Claudia Pivonello, Chiara Simeoli, Fortuna Papa, Annamaria Colao, Rosario Pivonello, and Leo J Hofland

current review. GFs, growth factors; GFR, growth factor receptor. Brown lines show two potential escape pathways to the treatment with mTOR inhibitors: AKT and ERK activation. This review aims at summarizing the results of the studies evaluating

Open access

J Brossaud, V Pallet, and J-B Corcuff

known by the endocrinologist community than vitamin D. This review will present the known physiological interactions of vitamin A and endocrine tissues and hormonal systems in normal adults with minor incursions in childhood or pathology when appropriate

Open access

Peter Wolf, Yvonne Winhofer, Martin Krššák, and Michael Krebs

adapt adequately to situations of increased cardiac stress. In this review, we aim to overview the influence of hormones on heart function, focusing on their impact on myocardial lipid metabolism, cardiac substrate utilization and ectopic lipid

Open access

Willem de Ronde and Diederik L Smit

strongly recommend management guidelines to support the individual endocrinologist. Declaration of interest The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest that could be perceived as prejudicing the impartiality of this review

Open access

Bilal B Mughal, Jean-Baptiste Fini, and Barbara A Demeneix

this review is to provide an update on how different chemicals in the environment can disrupt thyroid signalling and thereby affect brain development. A number of previous reviews have addressed certain aspects of this question. Notably, in 1998

Open access

Maria Mizamtsidi, Constantinos Nastos, George Mastorakos, Roberto Dina, Ioannis Vassiliou, Maria Gazouli, and Fausto Palazzo

diagnostic and management protocols for pHPT as well as to review the literature regarding all molecular and genetic pathways that are involved in the pathophysiology of sporadic pHPT. Diagnosis of pHPT The simultaneous presence of persistent

Open access

Aida Javanbakht, Massimo D’Apuzzo, Behnam Badie, and Behrouz Salehian

). In this report, we present a case series of Pit Met from City of Hope National Medical Center, recorded between 1984 and 2018, as well as a review of the relevant literature from 1957 to present. Materials and methods Data collection Chart