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Aleksandra Kukulska, Jolanta Krajewska, Zofia Kolosza, Ewa Paliczka-Cieslik, Aleksandra Kropinska, Agnieszka Pawlaczek, Zbigniew Puch, Kornelia Ficek, Teresa Lisik, Dorota Sygula, Zbigniew Wygoda, Jozef Roskosz, Jerzy Wydmanski, and Barbara Jarzab

neoplasia (MEN) syndromes ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Surgery, based on total thyroidectomy and central neck lymph node dissection, completed by a modified lateral neck lymphadenectomy, if indicated, is the main treatment method. Other standard oncological

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Liza Das, Kim Vaiphei, Ashutosh Rai, Chirag Kamal Ahuja, Paramjeet Singh, Ishani Mohapatra, Rajesh Chhabra, Anil Bhansali, Bishan Dass Radotra, Ashley B Grossman, Márta Korbonits, and Pinaki Dutta

(acromegaly or Cushing’s syndrome) ( 5 , 6 , 7 ); however, posterior pituitary dysfunction (diabetes insipidus (DI)) is virtually never seen prior to surgery ( 4 ). PPTs are usually seen as suprasellar or sellar-suprasellar masses with no pathognomonic

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Henghai Huang, Qijian Ding, Xiaocao Lin, Delin Li, Jingjing Zeng, and Weijin Fu

diagnosis were evaluated by two pathologists specialized in genitourinary diseases. The routine follow-up schedule was every 3 months in the 1st year after surgery, every 6 months in the 2nd year postoperatively, and once each year in the future

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Natalie Su-Jing Yap, Richard Maher, and Diana Louise Learoyd

recurrences after initial surgery (1, 2) , and this occurs predominantly in the cervical lymph nodes. Ultrasonography has high sensitivity in the detection of cervical metastases but low specificity due to frequently occurring benign lymphadenopathies (3

Open access

Julie M Silverstein

psychosocial profile (14) . This includes increased anxiety, body image distortion, depression, impaired short- and long-term memory, and social withdrawal. Surgery, medical therapy, and radiotherapy are the current multimodal treatment options available for

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Emmanuelle Motte, Anya Rothenbuhler, Stephan Gaillard, Najiba Lahlou, Cécile Teinturier, Régis Coutant, and Agnès Linglart

suspected ( 9 ), the treatment remains a challenge. The gold standard treatment for both pediatric and adult patients with CD is transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) with selective microadenomectomy, but the failure rate is about 25–50% ( 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14

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Jan Calissendorff and Henrik Falhammar

sustained in around 50–55% ( 1 ). Another option is surgery, which is often considered in recurrence of GD after medical therapy, in patients with large goitres, and when pregnancy is planned in the near future. The third possibility is treatment with

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Leyre Lorente-Poch, Sílvia Rifà-Terricabras, Juan José Sancho, Danilo Torselli-Valladares, Sofia González-Ortiz, and Antonio Sitges-Serra

secondary hyperparathyroidism were excluded. All the procedures were performed by the same team of experienced endocrine surgeons at the Hospital Universitari del Mar in Barcelona, Spain, a referral center for Endocrine Surgery. Figure 1 Patient flow

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Helle Døssing, Finn Noe Bennedbæk, and Laszlo Hegedüs

%) patients after LT. Nineteen patients (17 within 6 months and 2 patients after 36 months) had surgery after LT and the median follow-up for the remaining 91 patients was 45 months (range: 12–134). Figure 1 Algorithm for enrolment of study patients, in

Open access

Pablo Abellán-Galiana, Carmen Fajardo-Montañana, Pedro Riesgo-Suárez, Marcelino Pérez-Bermejo, Celia Ríos-Pérez, and José Gómez-Vela

Introduction Transsphenoidal surgery is the treatment of choice in Cushing’s disease (CD). Following removal of the pituitary adenoma, the remission rate varies between 25 and 100% (mean 77.8%, median 78.7%), and the recurrence rate ranges