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Fiona Broughton Pipkin, Hiten D Mistry, Chandrima Roy, Bernhard Dick, Jason Waugh, Rebecca Chikhi, Lesia O Kurlak, and Markus G Mohaupt

feedback control of glucocorticoid maintenance and an association with metabolic syndrome (10, 11) . Little is known about steroid hormone availability and metabolism during the early postpartum period in infants. Fetal exposure to maternal cortisol is

Open access

Ann-Kristin Picke, Graeme Campbell, Nicola Napoli, Lorenz C Hofbauer, and Martina Rauner

mechanisms, which may differently affect bone metabolism. In both cases, the underlying mechanisms of poor bone strength are not well understood. Considering that T2DM accounts for the majority of diabetes cases (>90%), this review will focus on summarizing

Open access

J Brossaud, V Pallet, and J-B Corcuff

metabolism. To paraphrase Shearer and coworkers ( 3 ): is vitamin A a vitamin for the glands? To endocrinologists, vitamin A presents some similarities to vitamin D: it is a necessary lipophilic nutrient, it is transported by carrier proteins in the blood

Open access

Leanne Hodson and Fredrik Karpe

Introduction The liver is a key metabolic organ that performs a multitude of physiological processes, including the regulation of systemic lipid and glucose metabolism. It provides metabolic flexibility where, over the course of a day

Open access

Ling-Jun Li, Izzuddin M Aris, Lin Lin Su, Yap Seng Chong, Tien Yin Wong, Kok Hian Tan, and Jie Jin Wang

, HDP or co-existence of both pregnancy complications, on the risk of postpartum cardio-metabolic diseases, including metabolic syndrome (MetS), abnormal glucose metabolism and hypertension (HTN). Methods Study population and design This was

Open access

Peter Ergang, Anna Mikulecká, Martin Vodicˇka, Karla Vagnerová, Ivan Mikšík, and Jirˇí Pácha

merely depend on the level of the free hormone, activity of multidrug resistance efflux pumps and density of glucocorticoid receptors in target cells but also on the prereceptor metabolism of glucocorticoids, which is catalyzed by two enzymes, 11β

Open access

Jakob Høgild Langdahl, Anja Lisbeth Frederiksen, John Vissing, Morten Frost, Knud Bonnet Yderstræde, and Per Heden Andersen

muscle is inversely correlated to age of diabetes debut ( 14 ). It is debated whether the impaired glucose metabolism in m.3243A>G carriers is characterized by insulin resistance, insulin secretion defect or a combination. The nuclear gene encoded

Open access

Wenqi Yang, Ling Liu, Yuan Wei, Chunlu Fang, Fu Zhou, Jinbao Chen, Qinghua Han, Meifang Huang, Xuan Tan, Qiuyue Liu, Qiang Pan, Lu Zhang, Xiaojuan Lei, and Liangming Li

the fibroblast growth factor superfamily, has attracted increasing attention in recent years for its role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. During the consumption of a ketogenic diet or a high-fat diet, FGF21-knockout mice develop more

Open access

Florian W Kiefer

that results in increased energy wasting and body weight loss in humans is yet to be shown. Function of human BAT: relevance for energy metabolism Soon after the detection of cold-induced BAT in human adults in 2009, numerous follow-up studies

Open access

Teresa Lam, Mark McLean, Amy Hayden, Anne Poljak, Birinder Cheema, Howard Gurney, Glenn Stone, Neha Bahl, Navneeta Reddy, Haleh Shahidipour, and Vita Birzniece

introduction of PRT at the start of ADT can mitigate changes in protein metabolism, thus offsetting its accelerated effects on muscle catabolism. Subjects and methods Subjects Twenty-four men with prostate cancer scheduled to receive conventional