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Aaron Lerner, Patricia Jeremias, and Torsten Matthias

become the most common autoimmune disease. Its prevalence is 0.8% when estimated from a review of published articles, 4.6% when estimated biochemically from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and >5% when estimated from cytology of

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Maria Angela D'amico, Barbara Ghinassi, Pascal Izzicupo, Lamberto Manzoli, and A Di Baldassarre

catestatin was more important in females, indicating that catestatin may contribute to sex differences in endogenous vascular tone and influence the complex predisposition to hypertension. Conclusions This review summarizes the knowledge about CgA and

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Antonia Ertelt, Ann-Kristin Barton, Robert R Schmitz, and Heidrun Gehlen

this paper, we aimed to review similarities and differences between EMS and HMS, as this may allow transfer of knowledge between both species. Anatomy and physiology of adipose tissue Adipose or fat tissue, a special form of reticular connective tissue

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Michael Ulm, Arvind V Ramesh, Keely M McNamara, Suriyan Ponnusamy, Hironobu Sasano, and Ramesh Narayanan

the second-generation treatments for prostate cancer such as enzalutamide and abiraterone have extended the survival of the patients, the cancers that relapse from these treatments have a more aggressive phenotype. This review on the therapeutic

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Trevor Lewis, Eva Zeisig, and Jamie E Gaida

associated with tendinopathy ( Table 1 ). There is also a close connection between glucocorticoid excess and over-activity of the sympathetic nervous system ( 21 ), which has also been linked to tendinopathy ( 10 , 11 ). This review will explore the

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Xiaolei Hu and Fengling Chen

, we reported 12 cases of patients with EIAS in which the clinical characteristics and IA pharmacokinetic parameters were analysed, and all of the patients subsequently received effective treatment ( 10 ). The present review is based on our research and

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H A Booij, W D C Gaykema, K A J Kuijpers, M J M Pouwels, and H M den Hertog

in the pathogenesis of PSF, it might be a target for treatment of PSF. In this review, we aim to give an overview of the literature on the prevalence and possible predictors of PD in stroke and the association with fatigue. We also searched for

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Ali Abbara, Sophie Clarke, Pei Chia Eng, James Milburn, Devavrata Joshi, Alexander N Comninos, Rozana Ramli, Amrish Mehta, Brynmor Jones, Florian Wernig, Ramesh Nair, Nigel Mendoza, Amir H Sam, Emma Hatfield, Karim Meeran, Waljit S Dhillo, and Niamh M Martin

apoplexy presenting to a tertiary endocrine and neurosurgical centre. We reviewed clinical records of patients presenting with pituitary apoplexy to Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust between 1991 and 2015 and describe presenting clinical features

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Efstratios Kardalas, Stavroula A Paschou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Gerasimos Siasos, and Andromachi Vryonidou

other clinical entities. The aim of this comprehensive review is to provide current knowledge regarding definition, prevalence and etiology of hypokalemia, as well as, an individualized guide for the optimal diagnostic management and follow-up strategy

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Wafaa M Rashed, Anas Saad, Muneer Al-Husseini, Ahmed Mahmoud Galal, Assem Mohamed Ismael, Ahmed M Al-Tayep, Ayman El Shafie, Mahmoud Ahmed Ali, and Ahmad Samir Alfaar

million (2765 patients) with bimodal distribution of 4.0 per million in the age group 0–19 years, 1.3 in the group 20–49 years and 5.0 in the age group older than 50 years. Data of a total of 2,887,468 persons with cancer were reviewed, 117 of whom had