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Paolo G Arduino, Dora Karimi, Federico Tirone, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Marco Cabras, Alessio Gambino, Davide Conrotto, Stefano Salzano, Mario Carbone, and Roberto Broccoletti

average value of 1–2% ( 1 ). The exact aetiology still remains unknown, although immune dysregulation seems to play a critical role in the development and progression of OLP, with such disease being the ultimate outcome of interaction between the immune

Open access

Fernanda A Correa, Ericka B Trarbach, Cintia Tusset, Ana Claudia Latronico, Luciana R Montenegro, Luciani R Carvalho, Marcela M Franca, Aline P Otto, Everlayny F Costalonga, Vinicius N Brito, Ana Paula Abreu, Mirian Y Nishi, Alexander A L Jorge, Ivo J P Arnhold, Yisrael Sidis, Nelly Pitteloud, and Berenice B Mendonca

tyrosine kinase receptor, is expressed in Rathke's pouch and ventral diencephalon in the developing human embryo (5) . PROKR2 is a G protein-coupled receptor essential for normal olfactory bulb development and sexual maturation in mice (6) , and it is

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Filomena Cetani, Chiara Banti, Elena Pardi, Simona Borsari, Paolo Viacava, Paolo Miccoli, Liborio Torregrossa, Fulvio Basolo, Maria Rosa Pelizzo, Massimo Rugge, Gianmaria Pennelli, Guido Gasparri, Mauro Papotti, Marco Volante, Edda Vignali, Federica Saponaro, and Claudio Marcocci

.328 respectively; Fig. 5 A). Figure 4 (A) Effect of CDC73 mutational status on local recurrence and/or metastases in 32 patients with parathyroid carcinoma. Mut+, mutation positive; Mut−, mutation negative; Rec/Met+, development of recurrence and/or metastases

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Yiyan Wang, Yaoyao Dong, Yinghui Fang, Yao Lv, Qiqi Zhu, Xiaoheng Li, Qingquan Lian, and Ren-Shan Ge

, hardly any of them can get into the fetal circulation. Thus, HSD11B2 is a critical enzyme that protects the fetus from overexposure to the maternal cortisol and CORT, which potentially interferes with fetal development and causes cardiovascular, metabolic

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Min Li, Ying Chen, Jingjing Jiang, Yan Lu, Zhiyi Song, Shengjie Zhang, Chao Sun, Hao Ying, Xiaofang Fan, Yuping Song, Jialin Yang, and Lin Zhao

Introduction Thyroid hormone (TH) is required for both normal development and metabolism ( 1 , 2 ), acting through its two receptor isoforms, α and β. TRα is mainly expressed in the skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and heart, whereas TRβ is

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Huguette S Brink, Aart Jan van der Lely, and Joke van der Linden

known mechanisms; however, the exact cellular mechanisms remain to be elucidated ( 4 ). GD is associated with maternal and neonatal short- and long-term complications ( 5 , 6 ). For the offspring, this includes a predisposition for development of

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Thabiso R P Mofokeng, Salem A Beshyah, Fazleh Mahomed, Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, and Ian L Ross

). There is a wide range of doctor to patient ratios in both SSA and the MENA region reflecting different levels of development. The estimated ratios in SSA vary from 1:54,213 in Central Somalia to 1:1639 in South Africa ( 33 ), whereas the ratio in MENA is

Open access

M L M Barreto-Chaves, N Senger, M R Fevereiro, A C Parletta, and A P C Takano

associated with the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Cardiac hypertrophy, broadly defined as an enlargement of the heart, occurs as a consequence of high levels of TH and may predispose individuals to heart failure

Open access

Dmitry M Davydov and Malik K Nurbekov

specificity in identifying people at risk for later development of diabetes, and Expert Committees in diabetes consider that a better biochemical marker should be selected as a more reliable diagnostic tool ( 1 , 2 ). However, this discordance may occur

Open access

Nicolás Crisosto, Bárbara Echiburú, Manuel Maliqueo, Marta Luchsinger, Pedro Rojas, Sergio Recabarren, and Teresa Sir-Petermann

daughters of women with PCOS during different stages of development finding several features that may represent early metabolic and reproductive markers of the syndrome and that may be modified through interventions that improve the adverse pregnancy