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Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

development of hypertension, cardiovascular disease and abnormalities in glucose metabolism ( 43 , 44 , 45 ). A recent meta-analysis suggests that risk of OSA is increased in adult women with PCOS. It seems that central obesity, hyperandrogenemia and insulin

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Arno Téblick, Lies Langouche, and Greet Van den Berghe

reduction in cellular oxygen and/or energy delivery, and insufficiently activated defense mechanisms induce mitochondrial dysfunction and consequently, a downregulation of cellular metabolism ( 7 , 8 ). Although survival from previously lethal conditions is

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Jan Calissendorff and Henrik Falhammar

measure of heart rate changes at a major centre where LS is not the mainstay of therapy before thyroidectomy. Materials and methods This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Karolinska

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Louise Færch, Anders Juul, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, and Birger Thorsteinsson

muscle and bone turnover as well as lipid metabolism and growth (23, 24, 25) , and our study supports that a low IGF1 level in patients with type 1 diabetes may increase by lowering HbA1c and thereby diminish the negative influence of a low IGF1 on the

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Julie Refardt, Clara Odilia Sailer, Bettina Winzeler, Matthias Johannes Betz, Irina Chifu, Ingeborg Schnyder, Martin Fassnacht, Wiebke Fenske, Mirjam Christ-Crain, and for the CODDI-Investigators

Metabolism University Hospital Basel, Switzerland; 8 Department of Endocrinology, Inselspital Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 9 Department of Endocrinology, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland; 10 University of Leipzig, Department of Endocrinology and

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Ahmet Uçar, Nurçin Saka, Firdevs Baş, Nihal Hatipoğlu, Rüveyde Bundak, and Feyza Darendeliler

end-products of peripheral metabolism of DHEAS will probably highlight this endocrine paradox. Whether the favorable impact of PA in AGA born girls on atherogenesis persists in puberty and adulthood remains to be elucidated. Declaration of

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Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Thurkaa Shanmugalingam, Cecilia Bosco, Wahyu Wulaningsih, and Sabine Rohrmann

Introduction Both insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and calcium metabolisms have been linked to chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer (1, 2, 3, 4) . IGF1 is a polypeptide hormone implicated in cell differentiation

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Yessica Agudelo-Zapata, Luis Miguel Maldonado-Acosta, Héctor Fabio Sandoval-Alzate, Natalia Elvira Poveda, María Fernanda Garcés, Jonathan Alexander Cortés-Vásquez, Andrés Felipe Linares-Vaca, Carlos Alejandro Mancera-Rodríguez, Shahar Alexandra Perea-Ariza, Karen Yuliana Ramírez-Iriarte, Camilo Andrés Castro-Saldarriaga, Juan Manuel Arteaga-Diaz, Roberto Franco-Vega, Edith Ángel-Müller, Arturo José Parada-Baños, and Jorge E Caminos

that could affect metabolism. During the pregnancy (since 14th week of gestational age), they were provided supplements as recommended by the Colombian Guidelines: carbonate calcium 600 mg 2 times per day, folic acid 1 mg per day and ferrous sulfate

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Qiu-ming Yao, Bin Wang, Xiao-fei An, Jin-an Zhang, and Liumei Ding

AR knockout in mice promoted the development of obesity, which could further contribute to diabetes ( 58 ). Finally, abnormities in lipid metabolism are also involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes, which are associated with impaired insulin

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Farzaneh Rohani, Mohammad Reza Alai, Sedighe Moradi, and Davoud Amirkashani

standards for human experimentation established by the Declaration of Helsinki. Study design and study population In this cohort study, fifteen boys with CDGP who presented to Research Center of Endocrinology and Metabolism Tehran, Iran in a 7-year