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Bernardo Maia, Leandro Kasuki, and Mônica R Gadelha

Introduction Acromegaly is a chronic systemic rare disease most commonly caused by a somatotroph pituitary adenoma with autonomous overproduction of growth hormone (GH) and a consequent increase in insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF

Open access

A V Dreval, I V Trigolosova, I V Misnikova, Y A Kovalyova, R S Tishenina, I A Barsukov, A V Vinogradova, and B H R Wolffenbuttel

Introduction Disturbances of glucose metabolism are frequently observed in patients with acromegaly. In one of the first papers to be published on this topic, abnormal glucose tolerance was found in over 60% of patients with acromegaly (1) . The

Open access

Hei Yi Vivian Pak, Andrew Lansdown, Peter Taylor, Dafydd Aled Rees, John Stephen Davies, and Caroline Hayhurst

Introduction Acromegaly, usually due to a benign pituitary adenoma, is a rare condition that has profound effects on all aspects of the body ( 1 ). Besides causing soft-tissue growth, excess growth hormone is associated with co

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T L C Wolters, C D C C van der Heijden, N van Leeuwen, B T P Hijmans-Kersten, M G Netea, J W A Smit, D H J Thijssen, A R M M Hermus, N P Riksen, and R T Netea-Maier

Introduction Acromegaly is caused by overproduction of growth hormone (GH), in most cases by a pituitary adenoma. GH in turn induces production of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) ( 1 ). Both GH and IGF1 have numerous metabolic and trophic

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Cecilia Follin and Sven Karlsson

Introduction Acromegaly is a rare chronic condition caused by excess growth hormone (GH) secretion – usually from a pituitary tumour – and it has an incidence rate of only 3.3 cases per million people. The mean age at diagnosis is 40 years

Open access

Mônica R Gadelha, Feng Gu, Marcello D Bronstein, Thierry C Brue, Maria Fleseriu, Ilan Shimon, Aart J van der Lely, Shoba Ravichandran, Albert Kandra, Alberto M Pedroncelli, and Annamaria A L Colao

Introduction Acromegaly is a chronic endocrine disorder typically caused by a benign tumor of the pituitary gland ( 1 ), which hypersecretes growth hormone (GH) with subsequent secretion of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Long

Open access

Pinaki Dutta, Bhuvanesh Mahendran, K Shrinivas Reddy, Jasmina Ahluwalia, Kim Vaiphei, Rakesh K Kochhar, Prakamya Gupta, Anand Srinivasan, Mahesh Prakash, Kanchan Kumar Mukherjee, Viral N Shah, Girish Parthan, and Anil Bhansali

Introduction Acromegaly is most commonly caused by a growth hormone (GH)-producing pituitary tumor and is potentially life-threatening if untreated. Early diagnosis and treatment of acromegaly result in increased longevity and better quality of life

Open access

A J Varewijck, A J van der Lely, S J C M M Neggers, S W J Lamberts, L J Hofland, and J A M J L Janssen

Introduction Acromegaly is characterized by excess secretion of growth hormone (GH) causing multisystem-associated morbidities and increased mortality. GH is considered as the main regulator of circulating total insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1

Open access

Peter Wolf, Alexandre Dormoy, Luigi Maione, Sylvie Salenave, Jacques Young, Peter Kamenický, and Philippe Chanson

Introduction Acromegaly results in a clinical syndrome following increased serum concentrations of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). If not adequately treated, GH excess is associated with increased morbidity and

Open access

Elena Valassi, Natalia García-Giralt, Jorge Malouf, Iris Crespo, Jaume Llauger, Adolfo Díez-Pérez, and Susan M Webb

of bone matrix and bone mass ( 1 ). Acromegaly (ACRO) is a rare disease caused by excessive GH production from a pituitary adenoma ( 4 ). Chronic elevation of GH and IGF1 in ACRO is associated with severe cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic