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Wafaa M Rashed, Anas Saad, Muneer Al-Husseini, Ahmed Mahmoud Galal, Assem Mohamed Ismael, Ahmed M Al-Tayep, Ayman El Shafie, Mahmoud Ahmed Ali, and Ahmad Samir Alfaar

Introduction The adrenal gland malignancies are extremely sporadic and heterogeneous. It represents 3.6% of endocrine glands cancers ( 1 ). Adrenal malignancies can be either primary adrenal tumors or secondary metastases, with metastases

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Agnieszka Bogusz, Svenja Boekhoff, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Gabriele Calaminus, Maria Eveslage, and Hermann L Müller

participating hospitals according to the study recommendation to perform irradiation after incomplete resection. Endocrine status was assessed with regard to hormonal substitution of deficient hypothalamic–pituitary axes. QoL questionnaires In CP

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Jingya Zhou, Meng Zhang, Lin Lu, Xiaopeng Guo, Lu Gao, Weigang Yan, Haiyu Pang, Yi Wang, and Bing Xing

Introduction Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome (CS) comprises signs and symptoms caused by pathological hypercortisolism, which seriously affects the metabolic and endocrine systems. Endogenous CS is divided between adrenocorticotropic hormone

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Caio Jordão Teixeira, Junia Carolina Santos-Silva, Dailson Nogueira de Souza, Alex Rafacho, Gabriel Forato Anhe, and Silvana Bordin

to delivery ( 5 ). Increased glucose oxidation and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) by pancreatic islets are the basis of the functional adaptation of the endocrine pancreas that takes place during pregnancy ( 6 , 7 ). This functional

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Rocío del Carmen Bravo-Miana, Ana Belén Della Vedova, Ana Lucía De Paul, María Mónica Remedi, María Laura Guantay, Mónica Beatriz Gilardoni, Claudia Gabriela Pellizas, and Ana Carolina Donadio

cancer is the most common malignancy of the endocrine system, with an increasing incidence rate recorded over the last three decades ( 18 ). The contribution of the tumor microenvironment to the development of thyroid cancer is beginning to be better

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Jung Soo Lim, Seung-Eun Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, and The Korean Adrenal Gland and Endocrine Hypertension Study Group, Korean Endocrine Society

P Goudet P Charpenay C Andreassian B Carnaille B Chapuis Y Cougard P Henry JF Proye C . Adrenocortical carcinomas: surgical trends and results of a 253-patient series from the French Association of Endocrine Surgeons study group

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Carina Hasenoehrl, Gert Schwach, Nassim Ghaffari-Tabrizi-Wizsy, Robert Fuchs, Nadine Kretschmer, Rudolf Bauer, and Roswitha Pfragner

. The remaining 20–30% are hereditary forms that are inherited in an autosomal-dominant pattern, either as part of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2A (MEN2A) or 2B (MEN2B), or without any other associated endocrinopathies as familial medullary

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Hélène Lasolle, Amandine Ferriere, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Sandrine Eimer, Marie-Laure Nunes, and Antoine Tabarin

IRS of 12. Assessment of the percentage of immunoreactive cells for SSTR5 regardless of the intensity of staining, a semi-quantitative and somewhat subjective factor, did not change the results of the analysis. There was a trend toward an association

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Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine hormones; cytokines; and growth factors which influence local adipose tissue and different organs/tissues. These include CNS, liver, pancreas, and the skeletal muscles. Leptin, adiponectin (ADP), vaspin, visfatin

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Anru Wang, Xueqin Yan, Cai Zhang, Caiqi Du, Wenjun Long, Di Zhan, and Xiaoping Luo

. Recently, FGF1, a mitogenic factor, has been shown to modulate energy homeostasis ( 4 ). FGF1 decreases blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity in animals ( 5 , 6 ). Exogenous FGF1 can improve metabolic disorders in rodents through endocrine