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Avinaash Maharaj, Ruth Kwong, Jack Williams, Christopher Smith, Helen Storr, Ruth Krone, Debora Braslavsky, Maria Clemente, Nanik Ram, Indraneel Banerjee, Semra Çetinkaya, Federica Buonocore, Tülay Güran, John C Achermann, Louise Metherell, and Rathi Prasad

hypothyroidism, primary gonadal insufficiency, lymphopenia and dyslipidaemia are reported, although not universally present in affected individuals ( Fig. 1 ). In its most severe form, the condition results in fetal hydrops. Morbidity is significant and mortality

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Kathrin Zopf, Kathrin R Frey, Tina Kienitz, Manfred Ventz, Britta Bauer, and Marcus Quinkler

.6 ( n  = 15) – ( n  = 0) Concomitant disease  Hypothyroidism 27/72 23/47 4/25  Diabetes mellitus 13/72 12/47 1/25  Primary ovarian failure 4/50 3/36 1/14  Asthma 5/72 1/47 4

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Xiaoya Zheng, Shanshan Yu, Jian Long, Qiang Wei, Liping Liu, Chun Liu, and Wei Ren

lymphoma occurred at the time of the first diagnosis ( 16 ). The diagnosis of hyperthyroidism was defined as either having a decreased TSH value <0.56 µIU/mL or being treated with antithyroid drugs. The presence of hypothyroidism was defined as either

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Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Łukasz Kluczyński, and Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk

). Insufficiency of somatotropic axis is the most common abnormality, followed by presence of hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, hypocortisolism, and diabetes insipidus ( 14 , 15 , 16 ). Pituitary dysfunction after a traumatic brain injury is usually transient and may

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Ghazala Zaidi, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia, Saroj K Sahoo, Aditya Narayan Sarangi, Niharika Bharti, Li Zhang, Liping Yu, Daniel Eriksson, Sophie Bensing, Olle Kämpe, Nisha Bharani, Surendra Kumar Yachha, Anil Bhansali, Alok Sachan, Vandana Jain, Nalini Shah, Rakesh Aggarwal, Amita Aggarwal, Muthuswamy Srinivasan, Sarita Agarwal, and Eesh Bhatia

initial clinical finding commonly included MCC (59%) or HP (27%), though presentation with PAI, AIH, type 1 diabetes (T1DM), hypothyroidism (HT) or diarrhoea was also noted ( Table 1 ). Of the patients with MCC and HP, 65% and 55%, respectively, were

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Giorgio Radetti, Mariacarolina Salerno, Chiara Guzzetti, Marco Cappa, Andrea Corrias, Alessandra Cassio, Graziano Cesaretti, Roberto Gastaldi, Mario Rotondi, Fiorenzo Lupi, Antonio Fanolla, Giovanna Weber, and Sandro Loche

Introduction Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is a frequent autoimmune disease that may present with a spectrum of altered thyroid function ranging from thyrotoxicosis to overt hypothyroidism. Treatment with l -thyroxine ( l -T4) is commonly

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Nese Cinar and Alper Gurlek

/hyperthyroid animals, concerning the association between ADP levels and thyroid hormones. Hypothyroid rats have either increased or unchanged serum ADP levels, while unchanged or increased serum ADP levels are found in hyperthyroid rats (18, 19) . This might be due to

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Ewa Stogowska, Karol Adam Kamiński, Bartosz Ziółko, and Irina Kowalska

, named, respectively, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. The primary hypothyroidism is a result of thyroid hormone deficiency with the simultaneous correct hypothalamus–pituitary axis function and its prevalence is calculated as around 3–5% in the

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Jia Liu, Min Liu, Zhe Chen, Yumei Jia, and Guang Wang

overt hypothyroidism ( 1 , 2 ). Ultrasound examination is a major imaging detection technique for thyroid diseases and often shows a diffuse hypoechoic or heterogeneous thyroid in AIT patients. However, it is difficult for ultrasound examination to

Open access

Selma Flora Nordqvist, Victor Brun Boesen, Åse Krogh Rasmussen, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Laszlo Hegedüs, Steen Joop Bonnema, Per Karkov Cramon, Torquil Watt, Mogens Groenvold, and Jakob Bue Bjorner

)  Autoimmune hypothyroidism 86 (20)  Other thyroid diagnoses 18 (4) Disease duration (months) 0.3 (0–4) Treatment instituted  Levothyroxine 111 (26)  Antithyroid medication 86 (20)  Aspiration of thyroid cyst 4